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Survey of wildlife diversity and abundance along River Mu, Makurdi Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria

I. M. Iwar
E.T. Igirah
A. Kaa


This study presents a comprehensive survey of wildlife diversity along the banks of River Mu, situated in the Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The primary objectives of this survey were to document the presence of various wildlife species, assess their distribution patterns, and evaluate potential conservation challenges. Field surveys were conducted over a period of 4 months utilizing a combination of techniques, including direct observations, and interviews with local communities. A total of 36 wildlife species were recorded, representing diverse taxonomic groups, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Notable species included Bats, Catfish, Frogs, Village Weaver birds and others. The distribution patterns of wildlife species varied along the river's gradient, with distinct communities inhabiting different habitat zones, such as riparian forests, wetlands, and grasslands. Factors influencing these distribution patterns included habitat availability, human activities, and seasonal variations. The study also identified several conservation challenges, including habitat degradation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflicts. Local communities expressed varying degrees of awareness and attitudes towards wildlife conservation, suggesting a need for targeted awareness and education programs.

Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 2141-1778