Social Security in Zimbabwe : Phase I Overview of social security in Zimbabwe

  • Jotham Dhemba
  • P Gumbo
  • J Nyamusara


This study of social security in Zimbabwe aimed to identify existing formal and non-formal social security systems and assess their viability and their potential for strengthening. Two non-formal social security schemes were selected for in-depth analysis in Phase II: these were the chief's granary (Zunde raMambo) and burial societies. Most people are covered by non-formal arrangements and the family and community still play a critical role in social protection even though poverty has impacted negatively on their ability to do this effectively. Churches are another source of social security. Semi-formal arrangements include burial societies, savings and credit clubs. Their viability is compromised by high levels of poverty in all areas but they could be strengthened through employment creation and the funding of specific community income-generation projects.

African Journal of Social Work Vol.17(2) 2002: 111-131

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1012-1080