Using catherer a fentes for management of childhood hydrocephalus: A prospective study of ninty six cases

  • S Sanoussi
  • M Bawa
  • A Kelami
  • R Sani
  • L bazira
Keywords: Steroids, Thin layer chromatography, Environmental materials, Biological specimens

Abstract

Objective : To evaluate the management of childhood hydrocephalus using the 'catheter ΰ fentes' as a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Materials and Methods : A prospective study from January 2003 to January 2004 was carried out in the Neurosurgery Department of the National Hospital Niamey (Niger-Republic). Ninety-six infants with hydrocephalus, between the ages of 1 to 22 months were treated with 'catheter à fentes' as a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Results : Ninety-six infants with hydrocephalus, between the ages of 1 and 22 months were included in this study, over a period of 31 months; 53% of the infants were females. The symptoms evolved over three months in 89.55% of the cases (n = 85). Hydrocephalus was post-infective in 51% of the cases, associated with spina bifida in 32% of the cases, neonatal bleeding in 7.2% of the cases; brain abnormalities were found in 6.2%, and tumor in 3.1% of the cases. The head circumference was greater than 2SD in all cases; 87.53% of the infants had psychomotor retardation (less than 80 QD according to the Lezine score). Ventricular dilation was triventricular in 17.70% and tetra ventricular in 82.29% of the cases. 'Catheter à fentes' models of high pressure, medium pressure, and low pressure were used. Hydrodynamic complications (hyperdrainage, obstruction, underdrainage) occurred in 7.9% of the cases, and these were handled with simple observation in follow-up clinics. The average regression of head circumference three months postoperatively, for all the three models of 'catheter à fentes,' was 3.73 cm. Conclusion : This study shows that the usage of 'catheter à fentes' for treatment of childhood hydrocephalus gives satisfactory results. Keywords: Steroids; Thin layer chromatography; Environmental materials; Biological specimens
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eISSN: 2006-8808
print ISSN: 2006-8808