A QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL EDUCATION AND CONSCIOUSNESS ON ARCHITECTURE IN GHANA

  • Kofi Adjei (PhD) Department of Industrial Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Prof. Rexford Assasie Oppong Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Prof. Steve Kquofi Department of Educational Innovations in Science and Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology
Keywords: Ghana, impact, consciousness, education, cultural policy, architecture

Abstract

The National Commission on Culture was established in 1999 with the mandate to promote a “national culture”. The Commission as part of its roles developed the 2004 National Cultural Policy. One aspect of the policy worth consideration is cultural education which is expected to positively impact on public architecture. This study aimed to assess the extent of the policy’s achievements with respect to cultural education and its impact on architecture, after nearly 18 years of its existence. The study adopted the narrative method of qualitative research methodology.  Non-probabilistic sampling techniques namely; purposive and snowball were used to sample 30 key respondents from Accra, Kumasi and Tamale to arrive at the findings of the study. The study revealed that the policy has not achieved much of its objectives regarding architectural development. The study revealed that the general architectural landscape shows little or no programmed attempt at incorporating culture into national architecture. This is attributed to the absence of effective cultural education and consciousness of the citizenry, lack of effective dissemination of the policy to the implementing stakeholders including architects, artists, educators etc., lack of funding and power of enforcement. The study puts forward six recommendations for policy direction aimed at addressing the challenges that militate against the achievement of Ghana’s National Cultural Policy objective on architecture.

Author Biographies

Kofi Adjei (PhD), Department of Industrial Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Kofi Adjei is a Senior lecturer at the Department of Industrial Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. He holds MFA Ceramics and teaches courses in ceramic art and design technology. He also practices as a studio artist with many years of professional experience. His main areas of research include Ceramic Art and Design with specific interest in Ceramic Materials and Methods, Ceramic Finishing and Mixed Media. His research also looks at African Art and Culture in areas of African Aesthetics, Contemporary Visual Culture and Ornamentations in Architecture. His current research is in the relationship between Art and the Built Environment. This paper is an extract from his PhD thesis which seeks to explore the Cultural Sensibilities of Architectural Ornamentations in Public Buildings in Ghana.

Prof. Rexford Assasie Oppong, Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Rexford Assasie Oppong (PhD) is currently a Full Professor of Architecture and immediate past Dean of International Programmes Office of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi. He is a practicing architect of over twenty years’ experience. He obtained his Doctor of Philosophy in Architecture from the premier Liverpool School of Architecture - University of Liverpool; Masters in Urban Planning and Management from University of Rome-La Sapienza; Postgraduate Diploma in Architecture, KNUST; and Bachelor of Science in Design, UST, Kumasi. He teaches Architectural History at the Undergraduate level and Philosophy of Social Sciences, Architectural History and Theory as well as Research Methods at the MPhil/ PhD levels in the Department of Architecture, KNUST. His teaching services transcend the boundaries of the University.

Prof. Steve Kquofi, Department of Educational Innovations in Science and Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology

Steve Kquofi is an Associate Professor at Department of Educational Innovations in Science and Technology (DEIST), Faculty of Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi (KNUST), Ghana. He is the coordinator of Art History and African Art & Culture programmes at DEIST, received his Ph.D. (African Art and Culture), M.A. (African Art and Culture) and B.A. (Art, Graphic Design option) degrees from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Ghana. His area of expertise includes cultural anthropology; history of art; museums and monuments studies; socio-cultural practices and environmental aesthetics; and aesthetics and criticism in sub-Sahara African art. Currently, Steve is researching into how to effectively blend Ghanaian socio-cultural practices into sustainability and development, as well as employing art and aesthetics in environmental protection in sub-Saharan Africa. 

Published
2022-05-20

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eISSN: 0855-0395