Comparing dictionary-induced vocabulary learning and inferencing in the context of reading
This research examines dictionary-induced vocabulary learning and inferencing in the context of reading. One hundred and four intermediate English learners completed one of two word-focused tasks: reading comprehension and dictionary consultation, and reading comprehen-sion and inferencing. In addition to performing the tasks, some subjects reported their thinking processes either during or after the completion of the tasks, and those who did not were tested both immediately and one week later for their learning of target words. The results show that diction-ary-induced vocabulary learning was significantly more effective than inferencing. The researcher explains such results in terms of theories of the degree of elaboration and connectionist models, and suggests that the provision of a number of various aspects of knowledge about a target word is very facilitative for word learning.
Keywords: Dictionary, Dictionary-Induced Vocabulary Learning, Infer-Encing, Word Learning, Elaboration, Connectionist, Connections, Task, Word Knowledge, Effectiveness