Reforms and Modernization of Customs Administration in Nigeria, 1975 – 2015
Customs administration in Nigeria has undergone several reforms over the past three decades. Two major periods are evident in customs administration reforms and modernisation in Nigeria during the postcolonial era. This is without prejudice to the earlier reforms that took place before 1975. It is true that several changes were introduced during the colonial period and the immediate post-independence era. However, it was not until 1975 that a major structural reform was introduced. The first period was from 1975 to 1998 characterized mainly by structural changes in customs administration. The second period started from 1999 to 2015 that was marked by both structural and operational changes. The article explores these changing patterns of customs administration reform and modernisation within the context of the Nigerian state. It argues that the customs administration reforms have been marred by weak legislation, inadequate infrastructure, the proliferation of agencies at the ports, inadequate funding, and corruption among others. It posits that only a comprehensive reform and modernisation of customs administration can bring the country in contact with global best practices.
Keywords: Customs Administration, Nigeria, Corruption, Poor Infrastructure, Reforms