Legon Journal of the Humanities <p>Founded in 1974<em>, Legon Journal of the Humanities (LJH)&nbsp;</em>is a peer-reviewed periodical published by the College of Humanities, University of Ghana.&nbsp;<em>LJH</em>&nbsp;welcomes the following types of contributions in the humanities from scholars in all countries:&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li class="show">research articles&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">reviews of new and particularly noteworthy books and films</li> <li class="show">interviews with distinguished writers, filmmakers, and scholars</li> </ol> <p>The journal is devoted to the study of the humanities, operationally conceptualized to cover not just the arts and languages but also social science disciplines, such as cultural studies, human geography, international affairs, management studies, political science, psychology, and sociology. The journal occasionally publishes theme-based issues, coordinated by guest editors. For such editions, a call for papers (CFP) is announced in a preceding issue of the journal and/or through listserv/mail shots.&nbsp;</p> <p>For all its issues,&nbsp;<em>LJH</em>&nbsp;only publishes original contributions (i.e., papers that have not been published elsewhere) and therefore, disapproves of duplicate publication and multiple submissions of the same paper to different publication outlets.&nbsp; In consonance with best academic practices, it equally takes a very dim view of the illegitimate direct replication of material in the form of plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. The Editorial Board will not only ban authors of plagiarized material from any subsequent association with the journal, but also bring any breach of intellectual property rights to the attention of the contributor’s institution.</p> <p>The language of publication is English. As of Vol. 26,&nbsp;<em>LJH</em>&nbsp;will be published online twice a year as a&nbsp;<em>gratis</em>&nbsp;open access journal.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><em><strong>Legon Journal of the Humanities</strong></em><strong>&nbsp;is indexed in Modern Language Association (MLA) and Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).</strong></p> University of Ghana en-US Legon Journal of the Humanities 0855-1502 <p><strong>Creative Commons License</strong></p><p>Attribution-Noncommercial- Noderivates 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0): The license allows others to “download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially” (Source:</p><p><strong>Copyright</strong></p><p>The copyright of all papers published in<em> Legon Journal of the Humanities</em> is vested in the journal. By agreeing to publish the accepted version of the paper in <em>LJH</em>, contributors automatically cede copyright of the manuscript to the journal. This notwithstanding, contributors may use parts of their published articles for non-commercial purposes, e.g., course material, conferences, and academic profile webpage. </p><p><strong>Access and Attribution</strong></p><p>While <em>LJH</em> published papers (new and archived) can be freely downloaded from its website in compliance with its <em>gratis</em> open access policy, hard copies of current and recent issues as well as offprints of specific papers can only be provided on demand.</p><p>Citation of a paper from <em>LJH</em> should include name of quoted author, journal title, volume, number, title of paper, page, year of publication, and Digital Object Identifier (DOI)/Uniform Resource Locator(URL). </p> Implications of language barriers for access to healthcare: The case of francophone migrants in Ghana <p>Ghana has become home to many migrants from Francophone countries due to educational, professional, economic, and socio-political factors, among others. These factors also interact well with the country’s strategic location within the sub-region. As a result, migrants seek access to various public services including healthcare. However, language tends to be a barrier to their pursuit of quality healthcare. Based on the Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT) of Giles, the paper examines the implications of language barrier on Francophone migrants’ access to healthcare in Ghana and highlights how the migrant patients and health personnel perceive and deal with the barriers during consultations. The study uses qualitative methods, including key informant interviews and participant observation to gather data from three border towns and one referral hospital in the capital of Ghana. Findings reveal that health personnel and patients from francophone countries, when communicating during the health care process, demonstrate the use of convergence/accommodation and divergence/non-accommodation or divergence. On the whole, the practices and experiences that demonstrate convergence produce better health experiences and outcomes for both the patients and the health personnel while those that show divergence have a negative experience and outcome.</p> Sewoenam Chachu Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 1 36 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.1 Polar interrogatives in Lɛtɛ Discourse <p>The use of special intonation patterns, interrogative particles, the addition of tags, disjunctive structures, a change in the order of constituents, and particularly verbal inflection are among strategies for forming polar questions. This paper describes the use of a special intonation pattern, the use of interrogative tags in tandem with a special intonation pattern, and the use of question particles in conjunction with a special intonation pattern to form polar questions in Lɛtɛ. The paper further discusses social norms governing the use of polar interrogatives in Lɛtɛ discourse. Lɛtɛ is a less-studied South-Guan language of the Kwa family of Ghana. Data for this study form part of a larger database collected in the speech community – Larteh. Praat was used to analyse the pitch patterns of the polar questions informants produced. The paper demonstrates that Lɛtɛ polar interrogatives are marked by a sharp falling intonation and not a rising intonation as claimed in prior studies.</p> Mercy Akrofi Ansah Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 37 54 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.2 African postcolonial fiction and the poetics of eco-cultural decadence: Re-reading Ayi Kwei Armah’s The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born and Sembène Ousmane’s Xala <p>In the depiction of post-independence Africa, the collapse of traditional moral values is a major preoccupation. This concern is often represented in the form of despicable behaviors exhibited by characters, often influenced by Western ideologies, and also in metaphors of decay or decadence. Decadence, from the literary sense of the word, could be interpreted as the moral or cultural rottenness of a community and in the literal usage of the term, it can be understood as an environmental uncleanness. Morally, a society is decayed if its moral principles and philosophies of living are weak while in the physical manifestation of the sense of the term, a decayed environment is associated with filth, pollution and physical rottenness. This paper examines the deployment of decadence as symptomatic of moral collapse and of environmental defacement in Ayi Kwei Armah’s The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born and Sembène Ousmane’s Xala. We read these texts in a theoretical context drawn from insights in postcolonial ecocriticism. While our analysis will concentrate on the ecopolitical force of the narratives, we will also examine the aestheticization of decay as a narrative device – a metaphor that foregrounds humans’ role, either by their complacency or collaboration, in destroying their environment. A critical attention will be paid to how the degradation of the environment results in the degradation of the humans as well. We conclude by pointing out that the representation of physical and moral decadence in postcolonial African literature is one way of indicting humans for degrading the environment in their quest for material acquisition. </p> Moussa Traoré Ruth Bernice Akyen Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 55 73 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.3 Why African (Akan) thought has no concept of race: An anti-essentialist cultural meaning of personhood <p>The race question has emerged in full force in recent times in the rise of the Black Lives Matter Movement, Europe’s anti-immigration posture, the social fallout of the Covid-19 pandemic inside and outside of China and the ongoing Russo-Ukraine Conflict. What does it mean to be racist? Is it simply a one off act or the product of a deeply embedded philosophical assemblage? When an African or Chinese (noted perennial victims of racism in history) acts in a manner deemed racist how do we make sense of this? Is it reasonable at all to describe it as reverse racism? This work brings African (Akan) and Confucian thought into a philosophical dialogue on the still raging and burning question of racism in order to offer some perspectives on the questions posed.</p> Lloyd G. Adu Amoah Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 74 91 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.4 Does personality predict a likelihood display of organisational citizenship behaviours among university students? Empirical evidence from Ghana <p>Organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) has received extensive research attention among the employed populations. But is it possible that people who are yet to be employed can display intentional OCB? Numerous studies have linked OCB to many factors including personality. We, therefore, set out to examine the association between personality traits on the likelihood of engaging in citizenship behaviours among undergraduate students. Using a cross-sectional survey design, data was gathered from 1009 students comprising 537 males and 472 females, with a mean age of 23 (SD=2.98 years) from the University of Ghana through purposive sampling. A questionnaire consisting of validated scales such as the 50-item International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) and the OCB Checklist (OCB-C) were employed to measure the ‘Big Five’ personality traits and the likelihood of OCB respectively. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that sex and age were related to the likelihood of OCB such that male and older students were more willing to engage in OCB. Among the personality traits, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and intellect had significant relationships with the likelihood of OCB. This study shows that both demographic and personal characteristics such as personality traits are associated with students’ likelihood of engaging in OCB.</p> Sheila Luguyare Elias Kekesi Collins Badu Agyemang Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 92 117 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.5 Stakeholders and community radio: Promoting participatory governance in Ghana <p>This study presents what can be described as a how-to-text on how community radio (CR) can be creatively used to address low civic involvement in policy-making in Ghana’s local governance units. The study employed a qualitative research approach. In-depth interviews were used to collect data from representatives of some key stakeholder institutions in Ghana’s local governance system, CR as well as from a community media expert. The study found that CR in Ghana can serve as effective tools for mobilising people to participate in policy-making in local governance through creative programming. Another finding is that the ability of villagers to contribute to radio content, and to participate in policy-related debates via phone-ins, could be limited by their inability to buy telephone credit due to their poverty status. The study unearthed weak linguistic proficiency on the part of the CR workers, which thwarts their ability to handle local government policies, which are technical in nature. The study concludes that the little evidence on innovative use of CR to promote citizens’ involvement in local governance policy-making processes is an issue, which needs to be addressed to unleash the potentials of CR in local governance. The study recommends that a potential instrument for easing the financial sustainability challenges of CR in Ghana is to ensure that the up-coming broadcasting law provides public funding for community media as pertains in Denmark, France and South Africa. The Ghana Community Radio Broadcast Network (GCRN) needs to institute indigenous languages training sessions in collaboration with local language experts to equip CR workers with language proficiency.</p> Lawrence Naaikuur Africanus Lewil Diedong Wilberforce S. Dzisah Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 118 144 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.6 Food system flows and distribution for the Accra metropolis: Unfolding the policy dimensions <p>The continuous growth of cities in developing countries portends the challenge of food provisioning. This study therefore examined the policy dimensions of food flows and distribution for the Accra metropolis. The study methodology involved review of policy documents, interviews with government officials and city authorities, and discussions with a cross-section of food commodity traders at the city’s markets. The study established that the city’s food region is very extensive with the principal food staples originating from distant areas. The city’s local markets (and numerous informal markets) are very important in the food distribution network. However, they are characterised by inadequate infrastructure, poor waste management and congestion in view of poor planning. There is no composite national policy on city food supply and distribution apart from discrete programmes that seek to encourage partnership between city authorities and the private sector for the development of market infrastructure. The paper advocates for comprehensive national policy to ensure well-defined rural-urban linkages and city level agenda for sustainable food access in the city.</p> Benjamin D. Ofori Opoku Pabi Daniel Nukpezah John Annan Hsi-Chuan Wang Copyright (c) 2022-05-01 2022-05-01 32 2 145 169 10.4314/ljh.v32i2.7