Changes of some Health Indicators in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study in three Community Pharmacies in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
AIM The study aimed to examine changes in some health indicators in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, namely: reported self-care activity, health related quality of life, and patient opinion of the services provided by three community pharmacies in Sharjah, UAE. METHOD A group of patients was followed over 24 months. Patients under investigation received reminders packages during the first three months of the study. No reminders were sent after 3 months after the study was underway. Repeated measures ANOVA were used to test differences between means over different periods. RESULTS All patients included in this study were found to have poor diet and exercise behavior at
baseline. Three months into the study, more than 27% of the patients had acceptable diet, exercise, foot care and self-testing behavior. However, evaluation at six months and 24-months show that mean scores had almost returned to baseline levels. There were significant differences between the mean values of initial (baseline data) and final (at the end of the study) scores for general health (5.86, p=0.001), vitality (5.25, p<0.001), and role physical scales (3.81, p=0.02). There was a significant (p < 0.001) 25% increase in the patients\' perception of the ability of the pharmacist to assist in decreasing blood glucose level. CONCLUSION Ongoing reminder packages are needed for continued progress in self-care activities and for achieving lasting changes in the behavior. Implementation of such a strategy through community pharmacies could help to improve patients' views of the quality of services received from these pharmacies and patient's quality of life, which should improve patient's drug therapy and reduce complications of diabetes.
Keywords: Diabetes, Self-care activity, Community pharmacists, Reminder packages, Patient's opinion, Quality of life.
Libyan Medical Journal Vol. 4 (1) 2009: pp. 29-38