Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research 2021-10-06T08:22:54+00:00 Francis Ibe Mogu Open Journal Systems <p><em>Lwati: A journal of Contemporary Research</em> is a peer-reviewed Journal. It publishes New Research from every aspect of the Humanities and the Social Sciences.</p> Public relations practice and crisis management: A study of the Federal College of Education, Obudu 2021-10-04T07:12:13+00:00 Charles Ushie <p>This research paper is hinged on the relationship between the management of FCE, Obudu and the students with particular interest on how public relations can mediate in the event of crisis. Crisis, unarguably, is inevitable in every human society. The strategies deployed by FCE, Obudu to create and maintain a cordial relationship and integration is the crux of this study as we situate it under&nbsp; the Issues Management Theory and social responsibility theory. The survey method of research with the interview and questionnaire as instruments were used to elicit data from 390, respondents made up of staff and students. The findings, among others, suggest that since communication is the engine room of any organization, more public relations strategies should be employed to enhance a positive image. The researcher therefore recommends that the Public Relations Department of FCE, Obudu should establish an effective and hands-on approach in propagating good community relations and cooperate social responsibilities, effective communication and also encourage PR staff to undergo refresher courses and, also, more robust&nbsp; strategies should be deployed.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Gender imbalances in science disciplines among students in Kyambogo University of Uganda and education implications 2021-10-04T07:19:53+00:00 Grace Lubaale <p>Kyambogo University (KyU) is one of the nine government universities in Uganda experiencing gender inequalities in science&nbsp; disciplines with glaring education implications in country with 34.6 million people in which women are the majority. The central aim of the paper is to establish the science gender imbalances in KyU and education implications with a specific focus on policies and practices for students and then provide the way forward. This study used a mixed methods approach that combined desk review and interviews. The findings indicate that the nature is reflected in the Admissions, and Completion, and the causes are patriarchy, gender stereotypes and roles and mentoring while the education implications are colossal in terms of low enrolments, self-esteem, academic staff recruitment and education returns as well as low Higher Degree Achievements. The study concludes that science gender imbalances in KyU is a reality, socially constructed and can be deconstructed. Therefore this paper recommends creating science awareness in schools, providing scholarships for females, affirmative action through STEM Programme, strengthen the KyU Gender policy and Gender Mainstreaming Directorate, and Gender Monitoring &amp; Evaluation which will lead to gender equality in&nbsp; sciences disciplines.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Adaptation of <i>Nsibidi</i> scripts to ceramic art 2021-10-04T07:33:05+00:00 Clement Etim Ekong <p><em>Nsibidi</em>, scripts and ideograms were invented in Ekoi (Ejagham) in today‟s Cross River State of Nigeria. It was used for&nbsp; communication throughout the Cross River Basin of South-Eastern Nigeria, and beyond. In spite of its spread in ancient times, it seems <em>Nsibidi</em> is not accorded adequate prominence in modern art forms. Modern industrial and studio products do not seem to adapt them adequately to forms. Thus, the study explored the possibilities of adapting these symbols to studio ceramic art forms. The object was to use Nsibidi to create utilitarian and aesthetically sound ceramic wares. The study depended on secondary data for the background information. The signs were purposively selected for adaptation to the realization of novel ceramic forms. The study which used the practice-led approach revealed, through the ceramic forms produced, that Nsibidi symbols can be useful for the production of aesthetically sound ceramic wares. It is also found to be useful for the creation of utilization forms as well as forms&nbsp; that combine both utilitarian and aesthetic functions. It is, therefore, recommended that <em>Nsibidi</em> should be adapted to ceramic art and other 3-dimensional art forms.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Unsex me here: Gender roles and female activism 2021-10-04T07:41:49+00:00 Etta Julius Ndifon <p>The older generation of female African writers has been content with merely presenting the plight of women in patriarchal or&nbsp; phallocentric societies; presenting women characters who meekly reconcile themselves to the traditional burden of womanhood. The younger generation of female writers, however, is dissatisfied with characterization that portrays women as willing and docile sacrificial lambs on the altar of patriarchal values. This essay examines how Tsitsi Dangaremgba‟s characterization in Nervous&nbsp; Conditions contrasts an old generation of docile housewives with a couple of adolescent girls who are determined to subvert the gender roles and stereotypes of the female sex. Dangaremgba‟s dominant technique of contrast, while highlighting the theme of patriarchal authority and repression, forcefully illustrates the different viewpoints and attitudes of these two generations of African women as well as the tensions that prevail between them.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Advocacy for customary justice reform in Cameroon: What is to be done with customary law? 2021-10-04T08:31:15+00:00 Mikano Emmanuel Kiye <p>This paper examines the declining fortune of customary justice in Cameroon and advocates measures aimed at reversing the tide.&nbsp; At independence, Cameroon inherited most of the colonial policies in force on customary law. Gradually, and steadily, customary justice has become inconsequential. Awkwardly, modern state courts, essentially applying statutory law, have monopolized the&nbsp; customary jurisdiction, and recourse to customary justice is often made to informal traditional courts now competing for legitimacy with state courts, thereby fragmenting the legal process. This paper challenges the current state of affairs and advocates the strengthening of the customary jurisdiction.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Conceptualising public relations’ strategies as a major tool in managing communication in organisations: A study of Niger Mills Plc, Calabar, Cross River State 2021-10-04T08:54:38+00:00 Mathias Akpanyia Oshie Charles Ushie <p>The relevance of communication rests on its effectiveness. Effective communication means employing good communication&nbsp; strategies to&nbsp; each out to a target audience. In the case of a company, this target audience is either the employees, who are the internal audience or external stakeholders. In both ways, the organisation requires good communication approaches. These approaches are strategies which are capable of capturing the attention of these audiences. Most times, it is noted that the&nbsp; management of organisations do not consider the subject of communication as relevant to the growth of their organisations. Surprising, there are hardly any communication strategies evolved by the leaders of these organisations to reach out to their publics. The study seeks to establish if there were communication or Public Relations strategies evolved by Niger Mills, Plc, to&nbsp; communicate with its publics, and to what extent the company achieved its organisational goals as a result of these strategies. The work is premised on James Grunig’s (2002) excellence theory of Public Relations. A survey, with the aid of a structured interview was carried out with 15 staff members of the Company interviewed. Results of the finding showed that there are no spelt out Public Relations Strategies operative in the Niger Mills, Plc, Calabar. The study recommends among other things that an in-house Public Relations Department be established in the company in order to strengthen communication efficiency in it.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Poverty reduction programmes and sustainable health care utilization among residents in the northern senatorial district of Cross River State, Nigeria 2021-10-04T09:14:53+00:00 Peter A Olabisi Betiang Ekuri Kelly Bella Catherine U. Angioha <p>This study set out to investigate the impact of government poverty reduction programmes and health care utilization among residents of the Northern Senatorial District of Cross River State in Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted for the study and the stratified random sampling technique was adopted to select a sample of 2041 respondents from a population of 102,035. A modified four point likert instrument was used to gather data that was analyzed using the Pearson product moment correlation. The result of the analysis showed that there was a positive relationship between poverty reduction programmes and sustainable health care utilization among residents in the area of study. It was recommended that government and non-governmental&nbsp;&nbsp; organizations should intensify efforts in providing equipment in health care facilities as this will improve patronage of such facilities and hence better well being for the people.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)