Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati <p><em>Lwati: A journal of Contemporary Research</em> is a peer-reviewed Journal. It publishes New Research from every aspect of the Humanities and the Social Sciences.</p> en-US Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal. lwatijo@yahoo.com (Francis Ibe Mogu) lwatijo@yahoo.com (Editor) Tue, 29 Sep 2020 09:32:30 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Centrality of the Teacher in Mentorship and Implementation of School Curriculum in Zambia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200094 <p>This paper argues that the classroom teacher should be placed at the centre of all curriculum development efforts. It further argues that most teachers graduate from teacher education programmes ill-prepared to competently implement the curriculum. In doing so the paper focuses on the type of training received at university/college as an impediment to new teacher competence in curriculum implementation. In view of this, this paper advocates that offering school-based mentoring focussed on curriculum implementation makes mentorship of NQTs not only important but a necessity that can help ameliorate the problem. The paper also discusses various local and external forces affecting curriculum development and implementation. The paper concludes that while improving teacher education is one option, school-based new teacher mentorship appears more feasible in the short term.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Teacher mentoring, curriculum design and development, curriculum implementation, newly qualified teachers</p> Madalitso Khulupilika Banja Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200094 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Implications of Contemporary English Usage for Teaching and Learning of English as a Second Language https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200095 <p>The institutionalization of English in Nigeria as a language of commerce, public communication and administration, a medium of instruction in our educational system and as a national bond is very commendable. But as a second language, English is acquired mainly through the school system of formal teaching and learning for communicative and linguistic competence. The advent of the social media, which in itself is a product of communication technology, has greatly impacted positively on the English language albeit few negative challenges. This paper examines the impact of technological innovation on language with particular emphasis on the societal media, using Halliday’s systemic functional grammar, as its theoretical base. The study concludes that many innovations have been introduced into the English language which could have possible implications on the teaching and learning of English as a second language in Nigeria today.</p> <p><strong>Key Terms</strong>: English Language, Technological Innovations, Social Media, Teaching and Learning, Second Language.</p> John Nkpot Tanyi, Sunday Tasen Okune Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200095 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The place of indigenous Languages in the Development and Teaching of Agriculture in Osun State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200096 <p>Agriculture is the second largest source of Nigeria’s national wealth after oil and it goes hand-in-gloves with rural development. However, it is the sector of economy with the highest poverty incidence in the country. Several scholars have posited that to enhance the productivity of the rural farmers, indigenous languages should be used in agricultural education and training. The focus of this paper therefore, is to investigate the significance of indigenous languages in agricultural education and training among rural farmers in Osun State, Nigeria, using Focus Group Discussion, observation of rural farmers-professional communication and examination of texts containing vital information for farmers and for making texts in the Yorùbá medium. The study found out that rural farmers and domain professionals do not have adequate knowledge of domain vocabularies. This would result in communication breakdown between them on several occasions. The study recommends an urgent need to localize modern agricultural concepts in Nigeria’s indigenous languages to facilitate effective transfer of technical and sub-technical information and knowledge to grassroot farmers.</p> Olusanya Ezekiel Komolafe Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200096 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Rethinking the Beats Groups, Marginalization and America’s Decentralization Polices https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200097 <p>Since the cold war had already started and atomic annihilation was impending, America was panicked into bringing about homogeneity and centralization. The government thought that diminution of heterogeneity and propagation of the privileged discourses could guarantee the country against the threat. Opposing this, the Beats strove to bring about difference and heterogeneity in order to guarantee their society against tastelessness and lack of individuality, as inevitable corollaries of such a policy. They identified themselves with the marginalized groups since they knew that they were on the periphery of American society and as humanitarian groups they had not been corrupted by Western capitalism. Their purity, difference from the rest, and natural condition, helped the Beats to fulfill their purpose. Some critics have argued on the contrary that the Beats were insensitive to the plight of those groups and only misused them and some others, adding that the Beats had an ambivalent attitude towards them, hence, the positive and negative aspects of their relation should be considered. This paper examines the second view in relation to America’s decentralization policies.</p> <p><strong>Key Words</strong>: The Beats, America’s Decentralization Policies, Marginalized Groups, Heterogeneity, Homogeneity.</p> Ehsan Emami Neyshaburi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200097 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Improving Organizational Culture and Workers Job Satisfaction Among University Lecturers in Cross River State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200098 <p>The issue of job satisfaction among lecturers in universities in Nigeria has remained a source of concern to all stakeholders in university education system. It is a well-known fact today that, job satisfaction affects staff commitment and consequently job performance. The objective of this study was to investigate organizational culture and job satisfaction of university lecturers in Cross River State. The ex post facto research design was adopted for the study. Three hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics, at 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study stood at 4020 lecturers from two public universities in Cross River State. Multi-staged sampling procedure was used in sampling the respondents of the study. In all, 402 lecturers representing 10% of the entire population were selected. The questionnaire method was used for the purpose of data collection for the study. The questionnaire is titled Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction of University Lecturers Questionnaire (OCJSULQ). t. To obtain the reliability of the instrument, a trial test of 40 respondents was conducted outside the sample area. The Cronbach Alpha reliability test was employed analyzing the data. The exercise produced a reliability coefficient of 0.98. Results showed that there was a significant relationship between organizations’ vision/mission, management-employee relationship, standard practices and lecturers’ job satisfaction. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that, while trying to maintain best standard practices, organizations should ensure such processes does not infringe on the rights of its employees</p> Franca U. Udey Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200098 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Comparative Study of the Nigerian and the Chinese Dreams https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200099 <p>This study examines the notion of the Nigerian dream and the Chinese dream as strategies for national rejuvenation and economic development in Nigeria. Data was obtained through a homogenous purpose sampling process and analyzed using the method of content analysis. National development, rejuvenation, political leadership, ideology and policies, were all factors that were selected for the study. The theory of change serves as the framework for this study. This research work identified ideologies, policy framework, policy implementation, policy execution and political leadership as core factors that can facilitate the success of either the Nigerian dream or the Chinese dream. Both concepts are embedded in employment generation, wealth creation, poverty reduction, sustainable growth and development. It suggests that a vital factor towards the attainment of government policies and ideologies is the leadership of the country. The country’s leadership should consider the economic, institutional, environmental and social framework in developing an action plan that would pivot its nation towards prosperity. It concludes that the path to economic modernization might be tough and harsh however with systematic planning and a strong vision which is engineered with the proper governance most nations can achieve national rejuvenation and economic development.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Nigerian Dream, Chinese Dream, National Rejuvenation, Economic Development and Political Leadership</p> Banwo Adetoro Olaniyi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200099 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Pentecostalism and Nigeria’s English Usage: A Pragmatic Analysis of Select Expressions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200100 <p>The paper attempts to investigate the pragmatic choices interactants make in the use of the selected expressions: it is well, (we) thank God, glory be to God, it is not my portion, by the grace of God, I am rich, I am strong, my case is different, may God go (be) with you and the devil is a liar spoken by Nigerian English users, especially among the Pentecostal adherents in their daily communicative activities. Specifically, the study aims to analyse the semantico-pragmatic peculiarities in terms of the contextual usage of the constructions. The theories considered relevant to the study are van Dijk’s Context Models and Mey’s theory of Pragmatic Acts. The theories are relevant because they account for the situational appropriateness of language use where meaning is contextually-determined by participants with shared situation knowledge and linguistic and sociocultural backgrounds. Data for the study were generated by means of participant observation by the researcher who is also a Pentecostal Christian and speaker of Nigerian English in informal and formal domains. The findings indicate that the creations are aspects of contextual (mis)appropriation of biblical incidences into Nigerian English usage in specific interactive situations to pragmatically function as: interruptive marker, expression of empathy and religiosity, pragmatic presupposition, advance rejection of tragedy, exercise of faith and escapist stance, among others. The study is expected to enhance the desired comprehension during interactions involving Nigerian English users of different religious affiliations, and foreign speakers of English.<br><strong>Key Words:</strong> Pentecostalism, Nigerian English, Pragmatic analysis, Select expressions, Contextual usage.</p> Ogban Uwen God’sgift Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/lwati/article/view/200100 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000