Challenges of Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Nigerian History
Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) is a chequered aspect of education in contemporary Africa. This paper examines the complicated realities of TVE in Nigeria. In practice, indigenous education systems embedded a standard learning procedure which British colonial administration keyed into and standardised in non-formal arrangements through government departments. Therefore, the paper tracks the (dis)oriented education-industry relationship that existed after 1960. TVE in Nigerian societies has rarely improved to revolve modern technology attuned to global development and still grapple with inadequate technical applications which implies an educational gap. It unravels the governmental and non-governmental interventions. Recently, entrepreneurs and industrialists in Nigeria identified technical education as a panacea by planning to fill the learning gap through the establishment of technical universities that reflect modernisation. Accumulation and circulation of skills in TVE learning feature a process of continuity and change which explains how old and new learning systems reflect. The methodology adopted is historical and it is intertwined with the context of education systems, politics and economy.