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Students’ Self-efficacy and Academic Performance at Makerere University

Gerald Bwenvu


The study aimed to establish the relationship between students’ self-efficacy and academic performance at Makerere University. The study used a cross-sectional survey design to collect a large amount of data on students. The study used an online instrument to collect data from 117 College of Education and External Studies of Makerere University students. To establish the academic self-efficacy of students at Makerere University, data collected using an online survey were analysed using IBM SPSS version 21.0. Findings showed that the students’ selfefficacy and academic performance mean scores are on the same level (high) and 2nd class upper, respectively. However, there is no significant relationship between students’ academic self-efficacy and academic performance given the ρ > .05 for all constructs (perceived control, competence, persistence and self-regulated learning). Even though the students have a high level of self-efficacy, it may not influence their academic performance in class. Also, this does not mean that the university should not give importance to developing the students’ self-efficacy. The study concluded that the university should continue its academic programmes that will continuously develop the student’s well-being in acquiring relevant experiences and skills in the University.