Makerere Journal of Higher Education 2020-02-07T12:52:51+00:00 Jude Ssempebwa Open Journal Systems <p><em>Makerere Journal of Higher Education </em>(MAJOHE) is the official publication of the East African School of Higher Education Studies and Development (Makerere University). The goal of the Journal is to provide a visible outlet for definitive articles that discuss the theory, practice and policies relating to the role, development, management and improvement of higher education from an international viewpoint. Therefore, the editor invites contributions that link relevant theory and research evidence to the policy and practice of higher education. Though a highly diverse range of contributions will be considered, the Journal gives special preference to conceptual and empirical writing that is relevant to the understanding, promotion and constructive criticism of the reform agenda in African higher education institutions and national systems and integrates pertinent international developments, debates and challenges. This is because the Journal’s management board acknowledges that the questions, issues, theories and policies pertaining to the development of contemporary higher education institutions and systems require in-depth study and comparison at an international level. Preference is also given to contributions that discuss new initiatives at regional and continental levels (including the work of national and multilateral higher education organisations and associations). The Journal’s editorial policy prefers submissions that synthesise the significance of different higher education policy alternatives and geographical experiences in explaining the phenomenon at hand. On top of rigorous examination of the ‘local dimension’ of the issues that they expound, therefore, contributions mirror conversance with relevant international perspectives and experiences, thereby situating the debate in a broad discourse that facilitates holistic understanding of the issues at hand.</p> Editorial 2020-02-07T12:52:43+00:00 Jude Ssempebwa <p>I am delighted to welcome you to the eleventh volume of the <em>Makerere Journal of Higher Education</em> (MAJOHE). The two issues in the volume are being published at the same time, belatedly! However, it is a better volume, thanks to the insights (and energy) of the new additions to our management board and to the support of Mrs. Sioux Cumming (Programme Specialist at the International Network for Advancing Science and Policy [INASP]). Sioux’s support was given under the auspices of a training workshop on Improving Journal Publishing Practices and Standards hosted by the Uganda National Council of Science and Technology (UNCST) in August 2019. At the workshop, I decided that, on returning home, we would upgrade some features of MAJOHE to reach <em>the gold standard</em>. As it turned out, however, it would take us some time and significant work to get there, which is why I am very proud to announce that we are now there. Moreover, the volume is also quite diverse—with writing drawn from Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda and touching on teacher education, technology in higher education, university governance, student loan schemes, pedagogy, TVET, student services and marketization. I hope you find the volume a useful resource. As usual, the Board and I thank the authors for submitting their work and for working hard to revise it as advised; the reviewers for giving the authors constructive feedback; and African Journals Online (AJOL) for hosting the journal online.</p> 2019-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Preparedness for and Commitment to Pre-service ‘Teaching Practice’ in Kwara State, Nigeria 2020-02-07T12:52:44+00:00 Lawal Abdulyaqin Abubakar Omosidi Abdulrahman Sayuti Murtala Abdulyaqin Tukur Ogbudinkpa Charity Ijeoma <p>Pre-service ‘teaching practice’ is an essential aspect of teacher-training which provides pedagogical knowledge and experience on how to go about the business of teaching. It should be conducted properly so as to prepare pre-service teacher trainees to service their mandate effectively. It is with this understanding that this study assessed the effectiveness with which it is conducted in tertiary institutions in Kwara State. Data was collected using two structured questionnaires and analysed using frequency counts and percentages. It was concluded that most of the students, teachers, supervisors and cooperating schools are highly prepared and committed to the teaching practice exercise while others are not.</p> Copyright (c) Selected Stakeholders’ Perception of the Contribution of Vocational Education to Botswana’s Economy 2020-02-07T12:52:45+00:00 Samuel Oshima Mmolai Ushe Makambe <p>The aim of this study was to examine stakeholder perception of the contribution of vocational education (VE) to the economy of Botswana. A survey design was adopted. The sample included staff of the Ministry of Education, Vocational Colleges and Industry at the time of the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 61 respondents. The results confirmed that stakeholders believed that while VE was playing a significant role in fostering economic growth, it did not effectively translate into benefits to its recipients and it also failed to bring industrialisation to Botswana. For stakeholders to realise more benefits from VE, there is need to review the curriculum to become more relevant, ensure that unemployed graduates access finance to start businesses and for the government to attract investment in heavy industry to stimulate industrialisation.</p> Copyright (c) Philosophical Identities in the ‘Market’ for University Education in Uganda 2020-02-07T12:52:47+00:00 Denis Sekiwu Anthony Mugagga Muwagga Nicholas Itaaga <span>This study examines the metaphysics and political philosophy behind market competition for Uganda’s university education. Using grounded theory to filter the voices of 12 participants, the first phase of the study, which was qualitative, revealed that a rival (contestable) market of university education in Uganda has three challenges: funding, low research capacity and deregulation. In the second phase of the study, a quantitative study involving 180 participants finds that resource mobilization, financial audit compliance, grant writing, bursaries and loan facilities for students would help to minimize the market challenge. Subsequently, the paper examines the philosophy behind the market of university education. This is with the conclusion that this philosophy is part of the problem affecting university education in the country. More governmental control—to contain the challenges deregulation has posed—is urged.</span> Copyright (c) Utilization of E-Learning Resources among Tertiary Students in Ogun State, Nigeria 2020-02-07T12:52:47+00:00 Adeola Kiadese Lukmon This study investigated assessment of e-learning resources utilization by students of tertiary institutions in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. Three hundred and eighty-one (381) tertiary students in the area were randomly selected for the study. A researcher-designed questionnaire titled “Utilization of E-learning Resources Questionnaire” (UERQ) with a Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.76 was used to collect data. Frequency counts, percentages, means, t-test and ANOVA statistics were used to analyse the data. The findings were that there is a significant difference in utilization of e-learning resources based on class and institutions. However, there is no significant difference based on gender and age. It is recommended that tertiary institutions re-design their general studies curriculum to include e-learning skills so as to help students to understand how they can utilize e-learning resources. Copyright (c) Teachers’ Perception of the usefulness of ICT in Colleges of Education in Osun State, Nigeria 2020-02-07T12:52:48+00:00 Faremi Margaret Funke Abanikannda Mutahir Oluwafemi <p><span lang="EN-GB">This study sought information on teachers’ perception of the usefulness of ICT on their effectiveness. The population comprised of the teachers in Colleges of Education teachers in Osun State. A random sample of one hundred (100) teachers was selected from these teachers. The data collected were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-test statistics. The findings were that there was no significant relationship between ICT resources and teachers’ effectiveness; there was a positive relationship between teachers’ attitudes towards the usage of ICT and their usage of ICT; and that there is a difference in usage of ICT in teaching by gender. It is argued that for teachers to appreciate usage of ICTs in teaching, they need to see that ICT tools are imperative for teaching.</span></p> Copyright (c) Perception of Ecotourism among Undergraduate Students of Agricultural Science in Tai Solarin University of Education and Olabisi Onabanjo University 2020-02-07T12:52:49+00:00 I O Ewebiyi A A Akinsulu A Aderinto <span>This study investigated the perception of ecotourism among undergraduate students of Agricultural Science of Tai Solarin University of Education and Olabisi Onabanjo University. The study followed a survey design. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire from a sample of 132 respondents. It was analysed using descriptive statistics and a t-test. Participation in ecotourism was found to be high (55.3%). Visitation, sightseeing and trekking were the modal ecotourism activities. Insecurity, low interest, high costs and lack of time were the main hindrances to participation in ecotourism. It was concluded that most (75%) of the respondents had a favourable disposition towards ecotourism in the study area. Significant difference (t= -4.162, p=0.000) existed in perception of ecotourism in the two universities. Intensification of ecotourism awareness, funding of ecotourism, inclusion of ecotourism in higher education curricula, ecotourism advocacy and programmes that will encourage students’ participation in ecotourism activities are recommended.</span> Copyright (c) Justifications for Undertaking Marketing Orientation Studies in Higher Learning Institutions in Tanzania 2020-02-07T12:52:50+00:00 Francis Muya Hawa Tundui <p><span lang="EN-GB">This paper was written with the major aim of presenting a number of issues which justify the undertaking of marketing orientation studies in Tanzania Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs). It was also the intention of the authors to give a brief picture of marketing practice in Tanzania environment and on the higher learning institutions. The information used in this paper was mainly collected through review of literatures on articles which focused on marketing orientation and higher learning institutions. The review of literature revealed that different aspects including challenges facing HLIs, sectoral variation, geographical concentrated literatures, qualitative based studies, review of literature based studies, single informants responses, small samples problems and limited responses limitations are major issues justifying undertaking a marketing orientation study in Tanzania HLIs.</span></p> Copyright (c)