Tree Height Estimation from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery and Its Sensitivity on Above Ground Biomass Estimation in Dry Afromontane Forest, Northern Ethiopia

  • Tigistu Hadush Mekelle University
  • Atkilt Girma Mekelle University
  • Amanuel Zenebe Mekelle University
Keywords: AGB; Image segmentation; Photogrammetry; Tree height estimation; UAV.

Abstract

Tree height is a parameter useful for calculating above-ground forest biomass and is mostly measured traditionally by ground survey. On the other hand, measuring the forest tree height and biomass estimation through field survey is labor-intensive and time-consuming. The application of remote sensing for forest above-ground biomass (AGB) estimation without forest destruction is important in order to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of the forest. The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an elating technology, which can help to estimate tree height and it is evolving at a rapid speed. Moreover, assessing the relationship between estimated and measured tree height is necessary for the future application of estimated tree height on AGB estimation. However, tree height estimation from photogrammetric UAV imagery in the dry Afromontane Forest and its sensitivity to AGB estimation are not investigated. Thus, this study aimed to assess the accuracy of tree height estimated from photogrammetric UAV imagery and the sensitivity of the estimated tree height on AGB estimation. Photogrammetric UAV acquired images and sample trees height measured on the ground were collected in Desa’a dry Afromontane Forest, Northern Ethiopia. Tree height was estimated from photogrammetric UAV acquired images and compared with tree heights measured on the ground. Moreover, the sensitivity of the estimated tree height on AGB estimation was investigated. The estimated tree height explained 89% of the tree height measured in the field. A considerable difference between estimated and measured tree height has an insignificant effect on AGB estimation. Thus, in the dry land Afromontane Forest the application of UAV aerial imagery for tree height estimation is promising to estimate AGB.

 

 

Author Biographies

Tigistu Hadush, Mekelle University

Department of Land resources Management and Environmental Protection, Mekelle University, Mekelle 231, Ethiopia.

Atkilt Girma, Mekelle University

Department of Land resources Management and Environmental Protection, Mekelle University, Mekelle 231, Ethiopia; Institute of climate and Society, Mekelle University, Mekelle 231, Ethiopia.

Amanuel Zenebe, Mekelle University

Department of Land resources Management and Environmental Protection, Mekelle University, Mekelle 231, Ethiopia;  Institute of climate and Society, Mekelle University, Mekelle 231, Ethiopia.

Published
2022-04-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2220-184X
print ISSN: 2073-073X