Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in Albinos with locally advanced skin cancer at a Blantyre Hospital: - Case Series
AbstractAlbinism in Africa remains a public health concern with increasing numbers of advanced skin cancer in this population at presentation. There are challenges with availability of Radiotherapy (RT) units in Africa which is an important modality for controlling loco-regional disease alone or in combination with surgery. Proposed chemotherapy regimens have not been well validated through Randomized Controlled Trials thus posing difficulties for standard of care for units that do not have access to functional RT facilities. Malawi is one such country without radiotherapy.
Seven patients with locally advanced skin cancer were seen in the adult oncology unit at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre (QECH), Malawi between 2010 and 2013. QECH is one of the teaching hospitals in the country. All were subjected to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. The primary treatment aim was cyto-reduction followed by surgery whilst the secondary outcome was general symptom control. Three patients achieved complete responses of which two underwent resection and a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. One had a near complete response and three
showed partial responses.
Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy may be a possible.