Prevalence of Bacteria in Diabetics and Non-Diabetics

  • N. Frank-Peterside Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port-Harcourt, P.M.B 5323, Choba, Rivers State
  • M.B.O Ayodele Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port-Harcourt, P.M.B 5323, Choba, Rivers State

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of bacteriuria in diabetic and non-diabetic patients attending the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital and the Diabetic Association of Nigeria, Rivers State Chapter. A total of 257 (132 diabetic and 125 non-diabetic) mid-stream urine samples were collected and cultured on cystine lactose electrolyte deficient (CLED) agar medium using the standard wire loop technique. Forty-nine (37.2%) of the non-diabetics had significant bacteriuria. Among diabetics 32 (65.31%) females and 17 (34.69%) males had significant bacteriuria while 15 (68.25%) females and 7 (31.75%) males in non-diabetics had significant bacteriuria .In both groups studied, the incidence of significant bacteriuria was highest in the age range of 18-39 years for both groups, 55.11% in the diabetics and 68.25% in non-diabetics. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were the most frequently isolated bacteria in the two groups, statistical analysis showed a significant prevalence of bacteriuria in diabetics compared with non-diabetics (P<0.05).

Key words: Bacteriuria, Diabetics, Non-Diabetics, Age, Sex

[Mary Slessor Jnl of Medicine Vol.3(1) 2003: 52-54]
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eISSN: 1119-409X
print ISSN: 1119-409X