Impact of promoting sustainable agriculture project on livelihood sources in southern Borno state, Nigeria (PROSAB): a quantitative and qualitative analysis
This study on impact assessment of Promoting Sustainable Agriculture Project (PROSAB) on livelihood sources in Southern Borno State, Nigeria: A quantitative and Qualitative Analysis was to examine the impact created by the project using a quantitative and qualitative procedure. Data for the study were collected in three of the four LGAs using a multistage sampling technique. Primary data used for the study were generated from farmers through the use of a well structured questionnaire. Analytical tools used include the Double Difference method, the Fisher Index, Focused Group Discussion and descriptive statistical analysis. The Double Difference Estimator (DDE) gave a positive mean income for maize, soybean, cowpea, sheep, goats, cars/pickups and houses renovated/built suggesting a positive impact while it also gave a negative mean income for cattle and land suggesting no negative impact. The composite price index (CPI) was 124,117 and 137 for crop, livestock and household items respectively. The mean income of maize was statistically significant at 5% probability level while the mean income for soybean, cowpea and houses built/renovated were found to be statistically significant at 1% probability level. The qualitative analysis showed that 30%, 45% and 10% of men, women and youth respectively noted that the project made a positive impact on access and use of agricultural credit. On crop management techniques, 75%, 86% and 67% of men, women and youth indicated that the project made an impact. On the results for farm income; 89%, 92% and 60% of men, women, and youth respectively were of the view that the project made a reasonable positive impact. Only 25% of men, 47% of women and 38% of the youths were of the view that the project made a positive impact on agro-processing in the project area. The results call for policies aimed at the liberalization of the land tenure system to make more land available to women. The livestock subsector should receive greater attention than it did during the implementation of the PROSAB project. Access to and use of agricultural credit should be pursued in order to improve agricultural production in the area.
Keywords: Agriculture project, sustainable, livelihood sources