Technical Efficiency Evaluation of Market Age and Enterprise Size for Broiler Production in Imo State, Nigeria
The study was on Technical Efficiency Evaluation in Broiler production involving Brooding and Rearing Enterprises on one hand and small-scale and large-scale brooding and small-scale and large-scale rearing enterprises on the other hand. Using multi-stage sampling technique, the study area was zoned into three, following the existing zoning arrangement of the Imo State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP). A total of nine L.G.As were randomly selected and a total of 180 broiler farmers (made up of 90 brooding and 90 rearing farmers) were selected. A set of structural questionnaire was administered on the producers to obtain required information. Data obtained were analyzed using simple statistical tools, and multiplicative dummy variable models. Results showed that broiler rearing farmers were more technically efficient than the brooding farmers. Small-scale rearing farmers were more technically efficient, while large-scale brooding farmers showed more technical efficiency in the use of resources than the small-scale ones. The implication is that technical efficiency may not increase in rearing broiler by increasing stock but in brooding business it can be increased by increasing stock. Since technical efficiency is greater in rearing broilers, it is recommended that producers should engage in both brooding and rearing birds.
Key words: Broiler Production, Technical Efficiency and Scale of Operation