Perception of climate change and adaptation among small-holder cassava farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria
This study examined the perception of climate change and adaptation among small holder cassava farmers in Anambara. Three out of the four agricultural zones were purposively selected for the study based on intensity of agricultural activities. They are Anambra, Awka and Aguata zones. Multi-stage randomized sampling technique was adopted to select 120 cassava farmers in 2010 for the study, relevant data elicited from the farmers through structured questionnaire and analysed with descriptive statistics and 5 point likert scale measurement. Also multi-data gathering tools to obtain information such as focus group discussion (FGD) involving adult males, adult females and the youth, using scheduled discussion guide, in-depth interview of key informants/opinion leaders (such as the traditional ruler, president of the town union etc.) in the communities using structured checklist. The result indicated that farmers were mainly middle aged, educated and very experienced in farming and farming in the state is a female dominated occupation as about 62% of the farmers were females. The people are aware of climate change but the perception of climate change did not differ among gender in the study area. It was observed that women and children (including the youth) are more vulnerable to the impact of climate change than adult males. In order to respond positively to the negative impact of climate change farmers engaged in a paradigm shift of farming activities.
Keywords: Perception, Climate change, Adaptation and Cassava farmers