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National industrial court: court with a difference and the need to review its legal status

Ogunkorode Oluwayemi Oluwadunsin


Prior to the enactment of the Constitution (third alteration) Act, 2010, National Industrial Court was established by the Trade Dispute Decree, 1976, where matters relating to labour, trade union dispute, employment, conditions of service, welfare of employees were adjudicated upon. However, the National industrial Court faced so many difficulties as to its jurisdiction, powers and status. National Industrial Court was widely criticised by scholars and jurists due to its inefficiencies. However, with the enactment of the National Industrial Court Act 2006 and the 1999 Constitution (Third Alteration) Act, 2010, the National industrial Court has gained recognition in all spheres of Nigerian economy; it is well known for its distinct jurisdiction. This paper examined the jurisdiction, composition, status, appeals and the establishment of National Industrial Court. This paper used both secondary and primary source such as statute, case law, journals, textbooks etc. This paper recommended further amendment to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (third alteration) Act, 2010 and the National Industrial Court Act 2006.

Keywords: National Industrial Court, Constitution, Appeals, Jurisdiction