Health Implications of Sanitation in a Public Abattoir in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

  • Kingsley Enyinnah Douglas
  • Andrew Ovua
  • Charles Orji
  • Barida Sapira
Keywords: Public Abattoir, Sanitation, Port Harcourt.


Background Meat, a universal staple food item is gotten primarily from farm animals after slaughtering and preparation in abattoirs or slaughter houses. The slaughtering of animals in abattoirs or slaughter  houses ensures the production of supervised, wholesome and healthy meat and meat products. There are  pointers that this may not be the situation in all abattoirs in developing countries like Nigeria.

Aim The study was aimed at evaluating sanitary conditions and their attendant health implications at the  Port-Harcourt abattoir.

Methodology Following ethical approval, this descriptive cross-sectional study started with a  reconnaissance work through survey to the Port Harcourt abattoir. Thereafter, respondents were selected  by stratified sampling with proportionate representation of all categories of operators in the calculated sample size of 7 4 respondents. Data were collected using structured self (and in some cases, interviewer) administered questionnaires and processed using Microsoft Excel package and presented in  tables.

Results The study showed that the operators were mostly (1 00%) in agreement that infrastructure and processes like lairage, waste disposal, water, pest and animal inspection were either non functional or below acceptable standards. The walk through (done with a checklist of the components of sanitation)  further buttressed responses of the participants as the abattoir was lacking in hygiene, space,  infrastructure and services.

Conclusion This abattoir is lacking in infrastructure and operation as attested to by the operators and the walk through. There is the need to upgrade facilities at the slaughter house. In addition health  education of the operators on modern, more hygienic and safer abattoir practices is advocated.

Keywords: Public Abattoir; Sanitation; Port Harcourt.


Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 1597-4292