An Unusual Case of Acute Asthma after Snake Bite

  • Peter Ogie Ikuabe
  • Johnbull Jumbo
  • Ikenna Desmond Ebuenyi
  • Adebayo Oluwatosin Ajayi
  • Lukman Obagah
Keywords: Snake bite, Envenomation, Acute Asthma.

Abstract

Background Although the cytolytic, neurotoxic and haemolytic actions of snake venoms are well known, the ability of snake venom to induce asthma (as a distinct entity from just difficulty in breathing) is not previously reported in the literature.
Methods The case records of the patient in the index case and a review of existing literature using online search via google, medline and pubmed with the following key words Snake bite; envenomation and acute asthma were utilized.
Result We report the case of a 42 year Nigerian fisherman, not a previously known asthmatic, who was bitten by a snake and developed acute asthma in 30 minutes.
Conclusion Acute Asthma after snake bite in the absence of signs of envenomation is rare. A high index of suspicion is needed in identifying this probable condition in patients exposed to snake bite. There is need for further investigation into the pathogenesis for this presentation.

Keywords: Snake bite; Envenomation; Acute Asthma.

Published
2016-03-14
Section
Articles

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print ISSN: 1597-4292