The aim of this study was determine the pattern the levels of anxiety and depression among patients attending the hypertensive clinic of the department of medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.
Two hundred consecutive patients receiving treatment at the hypertensive clinic of the medical department of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital were administered with the hospital
anxiety and depressive scale (HADS) to assess their levels of psychopathology.
The findings showed that 8 (4%) of the respondents suffered from anxiety and 4 (2%) were diagnosed as suffering from depression. There was no significant correlation between the ages of the patients and the incidences of anxiety and depression respectively. Also there was no significant relationship between gender and anxiety and depression.
Although the prevalence rates of anxiety were found to be low in this study, however, it has also demonstrated that hypertension, anxiety and depression can co-morbid. Clinicians are advised to also monitor hypertensive patients for anxiety and depression to further prevent co-morbidity of these severe disorders.
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Hypertensive Patients