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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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The accuracy rate of Alvarado score, ultrasonography, and computerized tomography scan in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in our center

S Ozkan, A Duman, P Durukan, A Yildirim, O Ozbakan

Abstract


Objective: In this study, we aim to compare the relationship between the Alvarado score, ultrasonography, and multislice computerized tomography (CT) findings used for the diagnosis of the patients who presented to our emergency unit with clinical features suggestive of acute appendicitis.
Materials and Methods: Seventy.four patients operated with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis were included in the study. The demographic  characteristics of the patients, physical findings, blood parameters,  Alvarado scores, the radiological method used for the diagnosis, the  surgical methods (open or laparoscopic) and the pathology results were
recorded on the standard proforma. The collected data were analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 15 for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) computer program.
Results: During study period, the sensitivity of ultrasonography was found to be as 71.2%, specificity as 46.7%, the positive predictive value (PPV) as 82.2%, the negative predictive value (NPV) as 31.8%, and the accuracy  rate was determined as 65.7%. The sensitivity of tomography was  determined as 97.2%, the specificity as 62.5%, PPV as 92.1%, and NPV as 83.3%, and the accuracy rate was determined as 90%. The sensitivity of  the Alvarado score was calculated as 54%, the specificity as 73.3%, the PPV as 88.2% and the NPV as 29.7%, and the accuracy rate was determined as 57.7%.
Conclusion: In conclusion, computerized tomography (CT) was found to have higher specificity and sensitivity than Alvarado score and USG which are not sufficient on their own for taking the decision for surgery. We also found that CT scan had lower negative laparotomy rate when compared with the other two modalities.

Key words: Alvarado score, appendicitis, computerized tomography, ultrasonography




http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1119-3077.134001
AJOL African Journals Online