Orofacial Sports – Related Injuries In A Sports Festival In Nigeria
AbstractObjective: To determine the aetiology, prevalence and types of oro-facial injuries in a sports festival in Nigeria
Materials and Methods: A data form was designed to collect among others, information on age, gender, state of origin, sporting event and types of injury. All consecutive patients who sustained oro-facial sports- related injuries that reported at the medical centres at the stadium were studied.
Results: There were 319 sports – related injuries. Of these, 14.1% were oro-facial injuries. More injuries (80%) were sustained as result of body contact. Karate was responsible for the highest number of oro-facial injuries 60%, with 40% and 20% of the injuries in males and females respectively. Athletes in the age range of 21 – 30 years sustained more oro-facial injuries than any other age group. Laceration (91.5%) was the commonest injury sustained. Athletes of Edo State origin sustained more injuries than athletes form other states, but athletes from Yobe State sustained more injuries per participant per state. There was no fracture of the facial skeleton recorded and injuries to teeth (6.7%) were low.
Conclusion: The number of orofacial injuries was low compared to number of participants at the festival
KEY WORDS: Orofacial, sports – related, injuries, sports festival.
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol.6(1) 2003: 56-59