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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Profile and outcome of cardiovascular admissions at the University Of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo - A five year review

VO Ansa

Abstract




The incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in developing countries has been on the increase in the last fewdecades. Demographic changes and adoption of negative life style associatedwith urbanization have been incriminated. This study is to ascertain the burden of cardiovascular disease in Uyo, a town which has been undergoing rapid urbanization in the last decade. A five-year retrospective analysis of cardiovascular admissions into the Medical Wards of the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital between September 1996 and September 2001 was carried out.Medical records of patientswere used.The Epi Info 2002 softwarewas used to analyse data. Five hundred and fifty eight (19.8%) of the 2875 medical admissions were patients with cardiovascular diseases.Theirmean agewas 52 12.7 years andmean duration of hospital staywas 9 7 days. Hypertension accounted for 311(55.7%)of the cases, of these 107 (34.4%) presented with cerebrovascular accident (CVA). 44.3% presented in Heart failure and causes included Hypertension(14.9%), Cardiomyopathies particularly the dilated type (15.1%),Rheumatic heart disease(6.6%) and Anaemia ( 7.7%). 69(12.4%) cardiovascular deaths were recorded, of these 34 (6.1%) were in patients with Cerebrovascular accident. Most deaths occurred within seven (7) days of admission. Duration of stay significantly influenced outcome (p=0.000) Cardiovascular diseases constitute a significant health problem in our community. Intensive cardiovascular health education and promotion of healthy life style are advocated.Tertiary health care facilities should be equipped to copewith cardiovascular care in viewof the looming epidemic of cardiovascular disease even in developing countries.


Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases; admissions; outcome; Uyo

Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol. 11 (1) 2008: pp.22-24



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