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Objectives: This study is aimed at determining the pattern of abnormalities in the Hysterosalpingograms of patients who attended the Radiology Unit of Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. Method: The 188 hysterosalpingograms conducted between January 2002 to December 2005 were analysed. Results: The mean age in this study was 31years. Forty-one (21.8%) Hysterosalpingograms were normal.
Abnormality of the Fallopian tubes constituted 54.6% of all abnormalities recorded, uterine 33.6% and cervical 11.8%. Cornual occlusion and hydrosalpinx were the leading abnormalities of the Fallopian tube, 32.2% and 20.3% respectively, while beading of the Fallopian tubes was the least tubal abnormality recorded in 1.4%. Uterine fibroid was the leading uterine abnormality in the study (44.5%), and uterine unicornis unicollis
and bicornuate uterus were the least abnormalities of the uterus recorded with 0.8% respectively. Cervical synechiae was the only cervical abnormality recorded in the study (11.8%). Conclusion: Hysterosalpingogram is relevant in outlining abnormalities of the fallopian tube and uterus especially in patients with infertility. The study suggests that abnormalities of the Fallopian tube are probably still a prominent contributor to infertility in our community.
Keywords: Hysterosalpingogram, abnormality, infertility.
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol. 11 (3) 2008: pp. 211-215