Pregnancy outcome following non-obstetric abdominal surgery in Jos University Teaching Hospital: A 5‑year retrospective study

  • I.H. Shambe
  • N Dikkol
  • K.N. Ozoilo
Keywords: Jos University Teaching Hospital, nonobstetric abdominal surgery, pregnancy

Abstract

Background: The need for nonobstetric abdominal surgical interventions in pregnant females arises periodically in practice and can be a source for concern for both the patient and the surgeon because of the risk of adverse outcome.

Aims and Objectives: To determine the indications for, and assess maternal and fetal outcome following nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in Jos University Teaching Hospital.

Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cross‑sectional study analyzing clinical records of pregnant women, who had nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in Jos University Teaching Hospital between January 2007 and December 2011.

Results: Fifty patients had nonobstetric abdominal surgery during the study period (January 2007 to December 2011). The ages of the women ranged 15–49 years with a mean of 29 ± 8.13 years. Intraoperative findings in the patients were consistent with acute appendicitis in 43 (86%) patients, two patients (4%) had ruptured spleen while one patient each (2.0%) had a transverse colon injury, postoperative adhesion bands, ruptured uterus and urinary bladder, and mesenteric injury. One (2.0%) mother died after surgery. 38 (76%) had spontaneous deliveries, and there were 11 miscarriages (22%) and 1 perinatal death. The perinatal mortality rate was 0.093/1000 deliveries. The mean hospital stay was 5.52 days.

Conclusion: Nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in pregnant women are an infrequent occurrence at Jos University Teaching Hospital but when they do occur, they are indicated by acute appendicitis in pregnancy.

Keywords: Jos University Teaching Hospital, nonobstetric abdominal surgery, pregnancy

Published
2016-08-23
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1119-3077