Maternal and fetal Doppler velocimetry in women diagnosed with fear of childbirth

  • A.N. Aksoy
  • F Aydin
  • S.K. Kucur
  • I Gözükara
Keywords: Childbirth, Doppler, fear, fetus, pregnancy, ultrasound

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to investigate maternal and fetal Doppler flow parameters in term pregnant women diagnosed with fear of childbirth (FOC).

Materials and Methods: Women between 20 and 40 years with full‑term singleton pregnancies (≥37 gestational weeks) were included in the study. All patients were questioned with Turkish form of Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W‑DEQ) version A. Women with W‑DEQ scores ≥85 were defined as FOC. Forty women diagnosed with FOC (FOC group) and 45 women with W‑DEQ scores <85 (control group) underwent Doppler waveform analysis and the pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) values for uterine, umbilical, and mid cerebral arteries were recorded.

Results: Both groups had similar PI and RI values for umbilical and mid cerebral arteries (P > 0.05). However, PI and RI values for both right and left uterine arteries were higher in FOC group than control group (P < 0.05, for right uterine artery PI; P < 0.001, for left uterine artery RI; and P < 0.01, for others).

Conclusion: It may be suggested that the presence of FOC in term pregnant women seems to have a negative effect on uterine blood flow parameters. When diagnosed with FOC, the women should be referred to a specialist for psychoeducation and psychosomatic support to decrease her fear and to minimize the negative impact of fear on the fetus.

Keywords: Childbirth, Doppler, fear, fetus, pregnancy, ultrasound

Published
2016-08-23
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1119-3077