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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Morbidities, concordance, and predictors of preterm premature rupture of membranes among pregnant women at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, Nigeria

T.C. Okeke, J.O. Enwereji, C.O. Adiri, C.I. Onwuka, E.S. Iferikigwe

Abstract


Background: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a challenging complication of pregnancies and an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Management of morbidities associated with PPROM is fraught with controversy. However, women should be informed of these complications.

Objective: This article aimed to review the morbidities, concordance, and predictors of PPROM over a 10‑year period.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of morbidities, concordance, and predictors of PPROM among pregnant women at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2008. The morbidities, concordance, and predictors of PPROM were expressed by regression analysis output for PPROM.

Results: Primigravidae had the highest occurrence of PPROM. Increasing parity does not significantly influence the incidence of PPROM. The concordance and predictors of PPROM are maternal age (P < 0.000), gestational age at PROM (P < 0.000), latency period (P < 0.000), and birth weight (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: PPROM is a major complication of pregnancies and an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Management of these morbidities associated with PPROM poses a great challenge. However, women should be informed of these complications.

Keywords: Concordance, Enugu, morbidities, Nigeria, predictors, preterm premature rupture of membrane




http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1119-3077.181361
AJOL African Journals Online