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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Association of sociodemographic profile, dyslipidemias, and obesity in smoker, former smoker, and nonsmoker patients with coronary artery disease

D Kafadar, F.G. Dogan, M.M. Ören, B Ayça, E Okuyan

Abstract


Introduction: In patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD), there are different reports on gender, age, dyslipidemia, and obesity according to smoking behavior. Smoking, obesity, and dyslipidemia are targets in secondary prevention. In this study, we aimed to investigate the sociodemographic differences, lipid profiles, body mass index (BMI), and cigarette smoking status in patients diagnosed with CAD.

Methods: Patients with records of angiography, smoking behavior, sociodemographic information, lipid levels, and BMI present at the outpatient visits were included in the study. Patients were grouped as active smokers, nonsmokers, and former smokers. Statistical methods were used for comparison of variables and means.

Results: A total of 235 patients, 167 (71.1%) men and 68 (28.9%) women, were included in the study. Nonsmokers group (31.4%) consisted of mostly women while active (22.6%) and former smoker (46%) groups consisted mostly of men (P < 0.0001). The mean age was 60.65 ± 11.55. Age was associated with the smoking status of patients, and nonsmokers consisted of geriatric patients significantly (P = 0.001). Educational status was associated with smoking history. Cessation of smoking after CAD diagnosis was achieved in 46% of patients. Active smokers had highest mean triglyceride (TG) values while nonsmokers had highest mean high‑density lipoprotein‑cholesterol (HDL‑C) values. Active smokers had the highest mean TG values while nonsmokers had the highest mean HDL‑C values. BMI was higher in nonsmokers than active smokers.

Conclusion: Gender, age, and educational status are determinants of smoking behavior in patients with CAD. BMI is associated with smoking history. In nonsmokers, values of HDL were highest while TG values were lowest. To prevent reoccurring cardiovascular events, young patients and men are two groups which health professionals need to concentrate in motivating to quit smoking.

Keywords: Coronary artery disease, dyslipidemias, obesity, smoking cessation




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