Effect of different framework materials of resin-bonded bridges on load to fracture values and stress distribution
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare in vitro fracture strengths (FSs) of metal‑ and fiber‑reinforced frameworks of resin‑bonded bridges and to evaluate stress distribution with finite element analysis (FEA).
Materials and Methods: Totally 80 extracted maxillary central and maxillary canine teeth were used for in vitro part of this study as two groups; metal‑reinforced framework (n = 20) [(metal‑supported resin‑bonded bridge (MR‑RB)] and fiber‑reinforced frameworks (n = 20) [fiber‑reinforced resin‑bonded bridge (FR‑RB) were prepared for three unit resin‑bonded bridges. All bridges were loaded from lateral pontic at 1 mm/min crosshead speed and fracture values were recorded. Mann–Whitney U‑test was used for statistical analysis, and fracture patterns were evaluated visually. FEA was carried out in the second part of the study, and stress distribution of MR‑RB and FR‑RB structures was analyzed using one of the models from in vitro specimens as main model.
Results: The mean FSs of MR‑RB and FR‑RB were 637.47 ± 151.91 N and 224.86 ± 80.97 N, respectively. Fiber‑reinforced specimens were found to distribute stress more homogeneous and connectors in each framework were the regions where stress concentrated mostly.
Conclusion: In vitro FSs of MR-RB and the stress concentration of the point that the forces were applied were higher as compared to other parts of the restoration. Furthermore, in contrast to FR-RB specimens, retainer tooth fractures were observed in MR-RB specimens.
Keywords: Finite element analysis, fracture strength, resin‑bonded bridges