Retention of Luting Agents Used for Implant‑Supported Restorations: A Comparative In‑Vitro Study

  • A. Aladag
  • M.H. Sahan
  • N.O. Akkus
  • R. Aktas
Keywords: Cemented abutments, fixed prosthesis, restoration removal


Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the retention of different luting agents used with implant-supported restorations. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 custom metal frameworks and copings were prepared and divided into six different luting agent groups (n = 15/group): polycarboxylate cement (PC), resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC), two self-adhesive resin cements (SARC), copper-ion zinc-phosphate cement (CZPC), and non-eugenol temporary resin cement (TRC). After sandblasting with 50 μm Al2O3, the copings were cemented on frameworks and stored in artificial saliva for 48 h at 37°C and thermocycled between 5–55°C for 37,500 cycles. Samples were subjected to tensile testing by a universal testing machine, and data were statistically analyzed. Results: The differences between the retention values of types of cement were significant (P < 0.05). The maximum retention value was calculated for CZPC (755,12 ± 55 MPa) while the lowest value was for TRC (311,7 ± 61Mpa). Conclusion: Neither of the tested cement had superiority over another to ensuring retention. The types of cement presented were meant to be a discretionary guide for the clinician in deciding the amount of the desired retention between castings and abutments.


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eISSN: 1119-3077