Rehabilitation of recurrent unicystic ameloblastoma using distraction osteogenesis and dental implants
Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of odontogenic epithelial origin. Surgical resection of the ameloblastoma is well documented and an accepted treatment modality. Vertical distraction of the alveolar process is an efficient method for augmentation. This method of providing additional bone and soft tissue for implant placement is becoming more common. This clinical report describes the use of distraction osteogenesis and fixed implant supported prosthesis to treat a postsurgical alveolar defect as a result of the resection of a unicystic ameloblastoma in the anterior mandibular region. As a result of alveolar distraction a segment of mature bone was transported vertically in order to lengthen the crest, for better implant anchorage. Further clinical and experimental studies of the technique with long-term follow-up are needed, to confirm bone and implant stability, as it relates to alveolar height.