Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Prevalence of three-rooted mandibular permanent first molars among the Turkish population

H Çolak, E Özcan, MM Hamidi


Background: This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of three-rooted permanent mandibular first molars in digital periapical radiographic images obtained from a Turkish patient.
Materials and Methods: Periapical radiographs of 640 subjects, which had been obtained in the Department of Oral Diagnosis Radiology, Kırıkkale University Dental Faculty, Kırıkkale, Turkey from June 2010 to March 2011, were screened and examined retrospectively. All radiographs were evaluated under optimal conditions using double magnifying glasses. Each radiograph was separately evaluated by two authors (H.Ç. and M.M.H.). Comparison of the incidence and the correlations between males and females and left- and right-side occurrences were analyzed by using the Pearson chisquare test with SPSS (15.0; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA).
Results: The periapical radiographs of 9 patients, 4 females and 5 males, had three-rooted mandibular first molars. Of these three-rooted mandibular first molars, 7 were found on the right side and 5 on the left side. The overall incidence of patients with three-rooted mandibular first molars was 1.41%. The incidence was 1.63% for men and 1.2% for women.
Conclusion: The prevalence of three-rooted mandibular first molars from all teeth examined was 1% (12 of 1205), 1.17% (7 of 596) for the right side, and 0.82% (5 of 528) for the left side occurrences.
AJOL African Journals Online