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Nigerian Journal of Fisheries

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Changes in the trophic attributes of the Altantic Mudskipper, Periophthalmus barbarus (Gobiidae) between a mangrove and Nipa swamp creek of Qua river estuary, Nigeria

MT Udo, AW Akpan, IE Ekpo, M Essien-Ibok, PE Lebo

Abstract


We studied some aspects of biology of the Altantic mudskipper, Periophthalmus barbarus, in two estuarine swamps of Qua Iboe River, Nigeria, between January and December 2004. Sexual dimorphism revealed that males from mangrove creek swamp were longer than their nipa creek swamp counterparts whereas in the latter creek swamp females grew longer than the females of the former creek; there as no difference in weight between the creeks. Sexes were differentiated on the basis of the gentilia. There were more females than males in both the mangrove and nipa creeks. The overall sex ratio between the two creeks satisfied the ‘null hypotheses. Mudskippers from the mangrove and nipa creeks ingested 31 and 32 food objects respectively; although similarity occurred in the rank-order of the %MFON of the food objects [rS = 0.564, p<0.02], the proportions of some of them were different. Mangrove creek specimens were higher in feeding intensity vis-à-vis the nipa palm individuals. The ecological implications of replacement of the native mangrove ecosystem by the foreign nipa vegetation are highlighted, as baseline information.

Keyword: Atlantic mudskipper, P. barbarus, mangrove swamp; nipa swamp; succession.




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njf.v5i2.46855
AJOL African Journals Online