Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling 2023-07-17T09:56:33+00:00 Prof. A. A. Adegoke Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling</em> (TNJGC) (ISSN 0794-0831) is published annually by the Department of Counsellor Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. The journal publishes well researched and well articulated papers/articles on all issues relating to counselling and applied psychology which use a variety of appropriate approaches in the conduct of research and inquiry in theoretical, empirical and experimental studies. The editors invite submission of manuscripts from contributors for publication. Manuscripts are peer reviewed anonymously, and those that are accepted are published in the following issue of the journal.</p> Self-Esteem and Gender Influence as Predictors of Academic Achievement in Basic Science and Mathematics among Secondary School Students in Katsina State 2023-07-17T06:23:14+00:00 Steve Olusegun Bada Mamman Umar Mukhtar Jimoh <p>This study was conducted to determine the Self-esteem and Gender influence as predictors of academic achievement in Basic science and&nbsp; Mathematics among secondary school students’ in Katsina state. The total sample size is two hundred and ninety-one (291) SSS One&nbsp; students which comprised 161 male and 130 female students selected from three schools in Mani Educational Quality Assurance Zone,&nbsp; Katsina state. Purposive sampling technique was used to select three public senior secondary schools. The instrument used to collect&nbsp; data was titled Rosenberg SelfEsteem Scale (RSES), with Cronbach’s alpha reliability co-efficient of 0.79. Basic Education Certificate&nbsp; Examination (BECE) results of 2019/2020 session were used to determine their academic achievement. Analysis of data was carried out&nbsp; using frequency, mean, percentage, bar and pie chart, non-independent t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that there was significant difference in self-esteem and academic&nbsp; achievement between Basic science and Mathematics. Also, there was significant difference in academic achievement based on gender in&nbsp; Basic science and Mathematics among the students. The study concluded that students with high self-esteem participated&nbsp; enthusiastically in the learning process and were more confident, active and motivated towards learning and performed better in&nbsp; examination as compared to those students with low self-esteem. It was recommended that teachers and parents should give both&nbsp; gender equal opportunities to work independently and improve themselves toward a particular task and avoid giving preferences to one&nbsp; gender over another which could affect their self-worth in learning.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Effect of cognitive restructuring counselling technique on social anxiety among secondary school students in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria 2023-07-17T07:14:11+00:00 Hammed Popoola Aminu M.I. Abdullahi <p>Social anxiety has been recognized as one of the salient psychological problems among secondary school adolescents. Many of them lack&nbsp; the confidence to demand for their rights and the ability to express their opinions without fear. This study thus examined the effect&nbsp; of cognitive restructuring counselling technique on social anxiety among secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara State,&nbsp; Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design which involved pre-test, post-test design. The population of the study comprised&nbsp; three thousand, seven hundred and forty-seven secondary school students (3,747) who were identified with social anxiety in Ilorin&nbsp; metropolis. The purposive sampling technique was used to select (10) socially anxious students that participated in the study. Social&nbsp; Anxiety Scale (SAS) adopted from Yahaya and Nyarko-Sampson (2016) was used to collect relevant data for this study. Data were analysed&nbsp; using mean, standard deviation, t-test and MANCOVA statistics. The findings of the study revealed that cognitive restructuring&nbsp; counselling technique had effect on all the three components of social anxiety studied among secondary school students in Ilorin&nbsp; metropolis that is: the physical component (t = 2.84; p &lt; 0.05), the behavioural component (t = 3.24; p &lt; 0.05) and the cognitive&nbsp; component (t = 2.05; p &lt; 0.05). The study unveiled that gender was not a significant factor for responses to treatment among the&nbsp; participants of the study CRCT (f =0.563; p &gt; 0.05). The study concluded that cognitive restructuring counselling technique was effective in&nbsp; reducing social anxiety among secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis irrespective of its components and gender of participants.&nbsp; Based on these findings, it was recommended among other things that, school counsellors/psychologists should make effective use of&nbsp; cognitive restructuring counselling technique in addressing social anxiety among secondary school students.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Influence of peer pressure on delinquent behaviours of in school adolescents in Kwara State 2023-07-17T07:41:59+00:00 M. Ajokpaniovo A.O. Awoyemi F.A. Okesina F. Anyanwu <p>Adolescents have needs and problems that arise from organic, psychological and social pressures. These pressures in turn exert&nbsp; influences on them, which makes them exhibit behaviours that are not in consonance with the societal norms leading to delinquency.&nbsp; This might be the reasons why in-school adolescents involve themselves in delinquent behaviours such as examination malpractice,&nbsp; bullying, stealing, truancy, destruction of school properties and even drug use. The problem of delinquent behaviour affects in-school&nbsp; adolescents irrespective of gender, family type and parents’ literacy level though the degree and magnitude vary from school to school.&nbsp; Thus, this situation calls for concern in order to avert further challenges the phenomenon could exert on the society. This paper&nbsp; examined the influence of peer pressure on delinquent behaviour as expressed by in-school adolescents in Kwara State. A researcher&nbsp; deigned questionnaire entitled “Peer Pressure and Delinquent Behaviour Questionnaire (PPADBQ)” was used to collect necessary data&nbsp; for the study. The t-test was used to test the three null hypotheses. Two were accepted while one was rejected. The findings of this study&nbsp; showed that peer pressure did not exert much influence on delinquent behaviour as expressed by in-school adolescents in Kwara State.&nbsp; Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that school authorities should reinforce in her mode of enforcing school&nbsp; rules and regulations as this will go a long way to reduce students’ misbehaviours in school.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sexual Self -Efficacy, Sexual Risk-Cognition and Social Intelligence as Predictors of Risky Sexual Behaviours among Adolescents in Enugu State, Nigeria 2023-07-17T08:01:51+00:00 Ndidi Mercy Ofole <p>This study examined the relationship between personal factors (sexual self-efficacy, sexual risk-cognition, social intelligence) and risky&nbsp; sexual behaviours among in school adolescents in Enugu State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw 400 students (male=184; female=216) with age range of 15–19 years (x̄=17.01; SD=2.66) from the target population. Four standardized self- report questionnaires were used for data collection. The results showed that there was no significant difference in risky sexual behaviour&nbsp; of male and female participants. There was significant difference in involvement in risky sexual behaviours between students in rural and&nbsp; urban secondary schools (Crit-t 1.002, Cal.t 1.987, df=398, P&lt;0.05). There was negative linear relationship between the personal factors&nbsp; (sexual selfefficacy, sexual risk-cognition and social Intelligence) and risky sexual behaviour. Further, of the three independent variables,&nbsp; social intelligence (α = .456, t= 7.069, P&lt;0.01) was most potent protective factor against risky behaviours followed by sexual self-efficacy (α&nbsp; =.866, t = 13.442, P&lt;0.01). Sexual risk-cognition did not effectively predict risky sexual behaviours. Constructs considered in the study&nbsp; accounted for 10.2 % of the variance in adolescents’ risky sexual behaviours. It was recommended that counselling psychologists should&nbsp; enhance the sexual selfefficacy, sexual risk- cognition and social intelligence of in-school adolescents since these factors were found to&nbsp; have the likelihood of protecting them against risky sexual behaviours.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Impact of motivation on secondary school teachers’ participation in sporting activities in ilorin west Local Government Area 2023-07-17T08:18:50+00:00 Memunat Tunrayo Ajadi <p>Participating in any sporting activities by the teachers’ in secondary school serve as a weapon to generate fun and reduce stress and give&nbsp; enjoyment. But today involvement of teachers’ in any sporting activities is drastically reduce. The glory in the sense that most of the sport&nbsp; facilities were obsolete and lack of interest and workload affect some of the teachers’ to take actively part in sporting events,&nbsp; therefore the study prompted the research to investigated the impact of motivation on secondary school teacher’s participation in&nbsp; sporting activities in Ilorin West Local Government Area. The variables investigated are sports facilities, interest, and workload. The&nbsp; descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised all secondary school teachers, both public&nbsp; and private in Ilorin West local government area. The sample for the study was 150 respondents. Simple random sampling technique was&nbsp; adopted for the study. The research instrument for this study was a standardized questionnaire developed by the researcher that&nbsp; consisting of structural items in 4-point Likert scale tagged "Questionnaire on the impact of motivation on secondary school teachers participation in sporting activities in Ilorin West Local Government Area". And the drafts questionnaire were given to two experts from&nbsp; the department of Human Kinetics and Health promotion for Validity: their comments and suggestion were effected before&nbsp; administering the questionnaire. Percentages were used to analyse the demographical data and the null hypotheses formulated were&nbsp; tested using the inferential statistic of Pearson Product Moment Coefficient (PPMC) at 0.05 significance level. There was significant&nbsp; relation between availability of sport facilities and teacher’s motivation to participate in sporting activities; The findings of the study&nbsp; revealed that; there were significant relationship between, sports facilities, interest, the workload in sporting participation of secondary&nbsp; school teachers in the Ilorin West local government area. Based on the findings, the study suggested that; the. Government-owned schools should make provision of adequate sports facilities and also see to the maintenance of it. Private owned what should also avail&nbsp; sports facilities in their school premises with ease of disposition. Procured so that teachers can continue engaging and enjoying&nbsp; participating in sporting activities. The workload of the teachers should be efficiently reduced to inactive participation in sporting&nbsp; activities.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Awareness and Management of Depression among Married Personnels in Private Secondary Schools in Benin City, Edo State 2023-07-17T08:38:53+00:00 Janet A. Ogbah M.O. Omozuwa <p>Depression, a state of constant sadness, has become an everyday term in our society. Day in day out people go through situations that&nbsp; constantly predisposes them to an unhealthy mental state subsequently leading to depression. This study investigated the awareness&nbsp; and management of depression among married Adults in private secondary schools in Benin City. Four research questions and two&nbsp; hypotheses were generated to guide the study. A total of 300 married adults were selected from private schools using a stratified random&nbsp; sampling technique. An instrument developed by the researchers titled “Awareness and Management of Depression&nbsp; Questionnaire (AMDQ)” was used to gather the data for the study. The questionnaire was validated by three Counsellor Educators in the&nbsp; College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo State. A test re-test reliability with a coefficient of 0.64 established the consistency of the instrument.&nbsp; The generated data was analysed using means, standard deviation and t-test statistics. Findings of the study revealed that married&nbsp; personnels in private schools are well aware of depression and find ways to cope with it. The study also indicated no significant difference&nbsp; in the awareness of depression among married adults in private schools on the basis of gender, while there was significant&nbsp; difference on the management of depression among married adults in private schools on the basis of gender. The study recommended&nbsp; creating awareness and educating individuals through public lectures about the symptoms and management of depression as ways to&nbsp; overcome depression.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Perceived potency of herbal medicines for treatment of illnesses among residents of Odo-Otin Local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria 2023-07-17T08:49:20+00:00 Ibrahim Ologele Kabiru Adebola Salami Olugbenga Ilutonmihi Garba Isiaka Jide Oyeyinka Abraham Jide Oyeyinka Abraham <p>Herbal medicine is the use of herbs or medicinal plants properties for the prevention and treatment of illnesses.’ It takes the form of&nbsp; concoction, decoction and infusion. The researchers observed common usage of herbal medicines among residents of Odo-Otin Local&nbsp; Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria and there was a claimed of efficacy of these herbs despite not fully integrated in healthcare. The&nbsp; purpose of the study therefore, was to investigate the perceived potency of; (i) candle bush flower (senna alata) and boundary tree leave&nbsp; (newboldia laevis) for the treatment of pile and diarrhoea. A descriptive research design of the survey type was employed for this study.&nbsp; The population of the study comprised all herbal medicine users in OdoOtin Local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. Multi-stage&nbsp; sampling procedure which consists of purposive and snowball sampling techniques used to select 384 respondents for the study. A&nbsp; researchers developed questionnaire validated by three experts in the Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health&nbsp; Education, University of Ilorin, Nigeria was used for the study and tested for reliability using a split-half method. A reliability coefficient of&nbsp; 0.75 was obtained using the Spearman Brown Prophesy Formula. Relevant data collected by the researchers and three trained research&nbsp; assistants. Inferential statistics of Chi-square was used to test the hypotheses formulated for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The&nbsp; findings of the study indicated that, the use of candle bush flower was perceived as significantly potent for the treatment of pile because&nbsp; the calculated value of (25.21) greater than the table value of (21.03) at 12 degree of freedom, the use of boundary tree leaves was&nbsp; perceived as significantly potent for the treatment of diarrhoea because the calculated value of (28.33) greater than the table value of&nbsp; (21.03) at 12 degree of freedom. The study concluded that candle bush flower and boundary tree leave are potent for the treatment of&nbsp; pile and diarrhoea. Therefore, it was recommended that candle bush flower and boundary tree leave should further subject to NAFDAC&nbsp; test and if found effective should be consider for the treatment of pile and diarrhoea.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Prevalence of telephone scatologia among undergraduates in southwest Nigeria: Implication for counselling 2023-07-17T09:02:47+00:00 Tosin .E. Akinduyo <p>Many humans are chiefly reproductive beings who cherish all sorts of intimacy to a sexual partner, for reasons best known to individuals&nbsp; engaging in sexual relationship. Unfortunately, many people deviate in a bid to satisfy their libido. Both male and female have different preferences as regards sexual gratification. This study examined telephone scatologia as a deviant sexual practice obtained through the&nbsp; use of obscene language on the phone to compel the non-consenting partner in to discussion. While the scatologist making the obscene&nbsp; call gets sexual gratification during the process. In Nigeria, telephone scatologia is frowned at, as a punishable sexual offence. This study&nbsp; further examined the benefits of a healthy sex life among others. One research question was raised to guide this study. Focus Group&nbsp; Discussion was used to elicit responses from the participants. It was concluded that telephone scatologia is prevalent among&nbsp; undergraduates. Based on this, it was recommended that: professional counsellors should embark more on mood-testing programmes&nbsp; in collaboration with medical experts. This will allow the reduction of telephone scatologia to a barest minimum.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Causes and effect of loneliness on the emotional stability of young people: Counselling implications 2023-07-17T09:12:13+00:00 Josephine Shola Aina Abdulwahab Aimekeolomole Idris <p>This paper discusses the causes and effects of loneliness as an emotional issue among the young which required the need for counselling&nbsp; in Nigeria. It also examines the many counselling strategies that can be used by counsellors in helping the young that may&nbsp; find themselves in the web of loneliness such as Enlisting, listening, and empathizing among many others. Some of the causes and&nbsp; effectsof loneliness include low self-esteem, fear and poor family relationships, physical effect, violence and dependence. It was&nbsp; recommended among others that lonely people must be helped to see and acknowledge their strength, abilities and as well as their&nbsp; weaknesses.</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Effectiveness of reality therapy in managing anxiety and depression in couples with infertility challenges in Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria 2023-07-17T09:24:32+00:00 Ishaka Yahaya Rahmat Maina Tinja <p>This study investigated the effectiveness of reality therapy in managing anxiety and depression in couples with infertility challenges in&nbsp; Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria. The population of this study was seventy six (76) couples of reproductive age with infertility challenges&nbsp; that were registered and receiving infertility treatment at the two Government owned hospitals selected for this study. These are: Federal&nbsp; teaching hospital, Gombe and Specialist Hospital Gombe. Forty two (42) patients accessing infertility treatment from Federal&nbsp; teaching hospital and thirty four (34) patients accessing infertility treatment from specialist hospital Gombe (i.e. 42+34 = 76). Purposive&nbsp; sampling technique was used. The researcher employed quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test and control group design, in which&nbsp; selected couples were assigned to reality therapy while the control group didn’t receive any treatment. The treatments were carried out&nbsp; within eight weeks of counselling sessions. Group counselling method was employed in the study. Each of the subjects was administered&nbsp; with pre-test/post-test research instrument using Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Results from data&nbsp; analysis revealed that reality therapy counselling techniques was effective in managing anxiety and depression level among couples with&nbsp; infertility challenges. It is recommended that counsellors should be encouraged to use reality therapy in managing anxiety level of&nbsp;&nbsp; couples faced with infertility challenges in various health centres.</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023