Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling <p>The <em>Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling</em> (TNJGC) (ISSN 0794-0831) is published annually by the Department of Counsellor Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. The journal publishes well researched and well articulated papers/articles on all issues relating to counselling and applied psychology which use a variety of appropriate approaches in the conduct of research and inquiry in theoretical, empirical and experimental studies. The editors invite submission of manuscripts from contributors for publication. Manuscripts are peer reviewed anonymously, and those that are accepted are published in the following issue of the journal.</p> Department of Counsellor Education, University of Ilorin en-US Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling 0794-0831 Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal. Counselling-panacea for promoting social values, social reconstruction and security as perceived by counsellors in Lagos State <p>The study examined counselling as a panacea for promoting social values, social reconstruction and security as perceived by school counsellors in Lagos state. Nigeria as a nation is threatened with high rate of insecurity of lives and properties due to the negligence of the importance of<br>inculcating social values (norms) which guide the behaviour of people in the society. Nigeria needs social reconstruction to revitalize the falling standard of security and peaceful co-existence. The study carried out was a descriptive survey research. One hundred and Ninety counsellors<br>were randomly selected from secondary schools in Lagos state who responded to the researcher constructed questionnaire titled “School Counselling and Promotion of Social values, Social Reconstruction and Security Questionnaire (SCPSVSRSQ). The instrument was validated by<br>three experts in test and measurement and the reliability was obtained using test re-test method by giving twenty copies of the questionnaire to respondents who were not part of the study twice at three weeks interval and the two sets of scores obtained were subjected to Pearson's Product<br>Moment Correlation, the coefficient of 0.71 was obtained. Three hypotheses were formulated to be tested in the study. The data were analysed with chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. All the three hypotheses were not accepted. The findings revealed that the counsellors perceived that<br>counselling can be used to promote social values, social reconstruction and security and gender did not make them differ in their perception. Based on the findings, it was recommended that counsellors should promote social values through counselling. Also social reconstruction and<br>security should also be promoted and through counselling.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Counselling, Panacea, Social Value, Social Reconstruction, Security, Counsellors.</p> Lydia Akunna Agubosi Elizabeth Obiageli Uyanne Chioma Akudo Anyanwu Copyright (c) 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 23 1 71 77 Influence of gender, parental education, parental involvement, achievement motivation and internet self efficacy on career decision making among undergraduates in Oyo State <p>Career decision is subject to a range of influences and is not solely a rational and objective process but such that touches the subjective and affective domain of the individual. It, therefore, connotes that decision making of University Undergraduate is not independent on its own and so<br>factors that can enhance such decision making should be emphasized. On this premise, this study is therefore designed to examine Gender, Parental Education, Parental Involvement, Achievement Motivation and Internet Self Efficacy as correlates of Career Decision Making of university<br>undergraduates in Oyo State. The study employed descriptive research design that utilized an ex-post facto type. The study sample included 298 undergraduates in Oyo State. Career Decision Making Scale (CDMS) (á =0.65), Achievement Motivation (AMS) (á =0.94), Parental Involvement Scale (PIS) (á =0.89) and Internet Self efficacy- Revised (á =0.72), were adapted and used for collecting the data. Five hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance; data were analysed using t- test and Pearson's Product Moment Correlation statistical method. The findings of this study revealed that Parental Involvement (r =.113, df = 227, P &lt; 0.05) and Achievement motivation had significant relationship with Career Decision Making (r = 0.42, df = 227, P &lt; 0.05), while Internet Self Efficacy (r = 0.27, df = 227, P &gt; 0.05) and Parental Education (r = .042, df = 227, P &gt; 0.05) did not. It was also evident that there was no significant gender difference in the Career Decision Making among the respondents (t =.896, df =226, P &gt; 0.05). Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that Career Decision Making should be a priority in the university education programme as a way of curbing the menace of unemployment in the society.</p> David Adebayo Oluwole Copyright (c) 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 23 1 55 67 Effects of solution focused brief counselling techniques on secondary school academic underachievers in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria <p>This study investigated the effects of solution focused brief counselling technique on secondary school underachievers in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. Quasi-experimental design involving pre-test post-test control group with one experimental and control groups was adopted for the study, while purposive sampling procedure was used in selecting two senior secondary schools with high rate of academic underachievers, fifteen (15) respondents were selected from each school, making a total of thirty (30) samples. Academic Achievement test developed by the researchers was the instrument used for the collection of data in this study. The paired sample t-test and ANCOVA statistical tools were used to test the two hypotheses raised. The findings showed a significant effect of solution focused brief technique (t = 20.378, p = 0.000) in managing academic underachievement of secondary school students. The result found no significant differential effect of solution focused brief technique (f = 0.450, p = 0.505) in managing academic underachievement of male and female secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended that school counsellors, psychologists and teachers should be encouraged to use solution focused brief counselling technique in managing academic underachievement among secondary school students. The school counsellors, psychologists and the teachers should be encouraged to use the technique in improving academic achievement of male and female senior secondary school students.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: solution focused brief counselling tenchquie achievement </p> Abdul-Hameed Akorede Zakariyah Salman A. Adisa Hussain Kehinde Garba Copyright (c) 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 23 1 79 88 Assessment of psychosocial challenges of internally displaced women in Dalori Camp, Maiduguri: The need for counselling services <p>Due to insurgency in the North Eastern part of Nigeria, especially Borno State, a lot of people have been displaced from their homes especially women and children. So camps were established for the Internally Displaced Persons. Dalori Camp was one of the camps for the Internally Displaced. This study wastherefore carried out to assess the psychosocial challenges of internally displaced women and the need for counselling services in Dalori camp, Maiduguri. The objective of the study was to assess the psychological challenges among internally displaced women. The<br>research design used for this study wasa descriptive study design. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 respondents out of 280 women. A well-structured questionnaire titled, 'Psychosocial Challenges of Internally Displaced Women Questionnaire' (PCIDWQ) was used to collect data from the respondents.Data was analyzed using frequency, percentages, mean, s tandard deviation and one-sample t-test to test the&nbsp; hypotheses. The result showed that 93.3% of the respondents have lost their loved ones during the attack, 90% of the women have lost their<br>properties which is a psychological challenge of insurgency, 93.3% of respondents agreed that lack of income generating activities is a problem in the camp, 80% of the respondents disagreed that government gives special support to nursing mothers in camp, which is a social effect of insurgency. Based on the findings in the study, it was recommended that there was high need for counselling services for internally displaced women, and that government non-governmental organizations should improve the quality of life faced by the internally displaced women.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Assessment, Psychosocial, Challenges, Displaced, Women, Counselling, Maiduguri </p> Stella C. Jacks Copyright (c) 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 23 1 89 101 Sexual health knowledge and risky sexual behaviours of in-school adolescents in Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State <p>The rising incidence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases especially among adolescents has continued to cause apprehension for various stakeholders.&nbsp; Varying measures have been devised to promote sexual health knowledge of this age group with the aim that such would facilitate development of healthy sexual behaviours. Based on this, this study examined the sexual health knowledge and risky sexual behaviours of in–school adolescents in&nbsp; Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State considering the influence of gender. The study was a descriptive survey of correlational type. A total of 385 randomly selected respondents participated in the study. A researcher-designed questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.80 was used to collect data for the study. The statistical tools employed in handling information gathered were percentage, Pearson's Product Moment Correlation and t – test. The findings of the study revealed high level of sexual health knowledge among the respondents (86.7%) and that one out of five&nbsp; adolescents are involved in risky sexual behaviours. Appraisal of the null hypotheses revealed significant relationship between the sexual health knowledge and risky sexual behaviours of the respondents (r= 0.45) and considerable gender variation in the sexual health knowledge of in–school adolescents (t = 2.98 significant at .003). It is therefore recommended that school counsellors and other stakeholders should continue to sensitise students on sexual education especially the female. They should also embrace comprehensive sexuality education that will further reduce engagement in risky sexual behaviours among this age group.</p> <p><strong> Keywords</strong>: Sexual Health Knowledge, Risky Sexual Behaviour, In–school adolescents </p> Mulikat Ladi Mustapha Copyright (c) 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 23 1 103 113