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Nigerian Journal of Medicine

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Pattern of Cardiothoracic Surgical Diseases in a New Cardiothoracic Surgery Unit in Nigeria

EE Ekpe, VF Ette, AF Akpan

Abstract


Background: Cardiothoracic surgical pathologies are available in all  geographical regions of the world. Human and material resources are necessary for prompt diagnosis and proper treatment of these cases.
Methodology: Retrospective analysis of cardiothoracic surgical cases in the first five years of our new cardiothoracic surgery unit was done.
Results: A total of 714 cases were seen during the study period with age range one month to 76 years with mean age of 37.12±11,24 and male  female ratio of 2:1. The yearly admissions from 2007 to 2011 were 14%, 17%, 21%, 21% and 26% respectively. Cardiovascular diseases occurred in 22.30%, with 6% of children suffering from congenital heart defect and 6% of men suffering from acquired vascular disease. Surgical complications of pleuropulmonary tuberculosis occurred in 21.4% while thoracic trauma occurred in upto 21% of the patients. Aerodigestive tract foreign bodies were encountered in 10.1% of cases and Pyogenic diseases occurred in 8.68%. Oesophageal lesions were diagnosed in 6.4% of the patients, pulmonary tumours including primary and secondary tumours were found in 4.3% while nontraumatic chest wall pathologies which included chest wall tumours, congenital deformities and chronic osteomyelities accounted for 3.2%. Mediastinal pathologies occurred in 0.98% and in the remaining 1.5% rare diseases were diagnosed such as third degree heart block,  pulmonary embolism and thoracic endometriosis syndrome.
Conclusion: This study shows that cardiothoracic surgical pathologies are common in our centre with predominance of thoracic pathologies, and  therefore need to prioritize and ensure manpower development for  treatment of all kinds of thoracic pathologies.



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