Open Inguinal Hernia Repair: Our Experience with Tertiary Institution-Based Surgical Outreach

  • Ugochukwu Uzodimma Nnadozie
  • Nneka Alice Sunday-Nweke
  • Charles Chidiebele Maduba
  • Okwudili Calistus Amu
  • Victor Ifeanyichukwu Modekwe
  • Fidelis Chinedum Ozoba
  • Ezekiel Uchechukwu Nwankwo
  • Onyeyirichi Otuu
  • Uche Emmanuel Eni
Keywords: Low‑resource setting, Nigeria, open hernia repair, surgical outreach, tertiary health‑care facility

Abstract

Background: Inguinal hernia afflicts the low socioeconomic class mostly in resource‑poor settings. The surgical outreach option greatly reduces this burden. Tertiary health institutions will be a good base for surgical outreaches in hernia repairs.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of using a tertiary health‑care facility for a surgical outreach program.

Methods: This was a prospective clinical study conducted among 195 patients who underwent open groin hernia repair in Alex‑Ekwueme Federal University Teaching hospital Abakaliki. Data were collected from admission, till discharge from hospital, and up to 3 months follow‑up after the surgery.

Results: Out of 206 recruited, a total of 195 patients underwent open groin hernia repair with a male: female ratio of 6.5:1. Their age ranged from 0 to 88 years with a mean age of 33.94 ± 23.40 years. Among the patients, 69.2% of the hernias occurred in ages below 50 years, 58.4% had right, 38% left and 3.6% had bilateral hernias. Open hernia repair was performed in 63.1% and herniotomy in 36.9%. In those that had an open hernia repair, majority 91.8% had tissue repair, whereas 8.2% had mesh repair. Postoperative complication rate was 9.2%.

Conclusion: Surgical outreach in a tertiary health facility offers standard care with skilled surgical personnel offering a better outcome with complication rate similar to what obtains in a conventional tertiary health care. Tertiary hospitals where available should be preferred in the surgical outreach for hernias in a low‑resource setting.

Keywords: Low‑resource setting, Nigeria, open hernia repair, surgical outreach, tertiary health‑care facility 

Published
2021-02-26
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2667-0526
print ISSN: 1115-2613