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Nigerian Journal of Medicine

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Management of Penetrating Spinal Cord Injuries in a Non Spinal Centre: Experience at Enugu, Nigeria

CU Nwadinigwe, AI Ugezu

Abstract




Background: Penetrating injuries of the spinal cord are among the most dangerous of injuries. They are often associated with injuries to other vital organs of the body, which may demand priority attention. The objectives of this study were to determine the pattern of the penetrating spinal cord injuries and to evaluate outcome of treatment
in our setting.
Methods: This is a retrospective study of all penetrating spinal cord injuries seen at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu over a fifteen-year period (April 1990
March 2005). Information about the demographics aetiology, level of injury, associated injuries, time of presentation, duration of hospitalization and outcome of treatment were retrieved from patients case notes. Data were analyzed using SPSS for windows version11.
Result: There were 22 patients, 13 males and 9 females, giving a M:F ratio of 1.7:1. Gunshot injury was the most common aetiological factor. The thoracic spine{9(41%)}was most often involved. Chest and abdominal injuries were common associated injuries in 5
cases. The circumstances of the injury were mostly armed robbery attack {13(59%)}. On admission the neurological status was Frankel grade A in 20(91%) cases. Period of hospitalization ranged from 1 week to 36 weeks with a mean of 11 weeks. Pressure sore was the most common complication that delayed rehabilitation. Five (23%) patients with injury at cervical level died from respiratory failure.
Conclusion: Penetrating spinal cord injuries are relatively rare and demand extra care. Early recognition of associated injuries, minimal wound excision and antibiotic therapy give good result.

Keywords: Penetrating spinal cord injuries, pattern,
outcome of treatment, Enugu, Nigeria.

Nigerian Journal of Medicine Vol. 17 (2) 2008: pp. 207-211



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njm.v17i2.37385
AJOL African Journals Online