Uterine Fibroids In A Tertiary Health Centre South East Nigeria
Background: Uterine fibroids are common benign tumours of the female reproductive tract. This study evaluated the clinical presentations and the treatment of fibroids at Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital over the 5- year period (2001-2005). Methods: A retrospective analysis of all cases of uterine fibroids admitted into the gynaecological ward of the Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH) over the five-year period (2001 2005). Results: Uterine fibroids accounted for 13.6% of all gynaecological admissions during the period. It was found predominantly during the third and fourth decades of life in nulliparas and women of the higher socio economic class. Primary infertility (22.9%), lower abdominal mass (21. 6%), menstrual abnormalities(15.9%), lower abdominal pain (15.9%) and anaemia (11.8%) were the common clinical presentations while abdominal myomectomy was the commonest modality of treatment employed (90%). Conclusion: Uterine fibroid is common among gynaecological admissions in Igbo women of Southeastern Nigeria. Infertility is a common presentation necessitating abdominal myomectomy in majority of the cases.
Keywords: Fibroids, Igbo, Infertility, Myomectomy, wound breakdown, menorrhagia.
Nigerian Journal of Medicine Vol. 17 (4) 2008: pp. 447-451