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Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences

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Evaluation of dietary adherence and body mass index of diabetics attending outpatient clinic of Federal medical centre, Idi Aba, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria

O.O. Bolajoko, O.I. Olanrewaju, O.O. Akingboye

Abstract


Background:  Abundant literature supports the benefits of diet and exercise recommendations for improving and maintaining glycemic levels of people with diabetes mellitus especially type 2 patients.However, reasons for nonadherence amongst diabetics are very complex and multifaceted in nature.
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the dietary adherence and body mass index of diabetes patient attending the outpatient clinic of Federal Medical Centre, Idi Aba,  Abeokuta, Ogun State.
Methods: Convenient sampling was used to select 200 participants, demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the participants were obtained, anthropometric measurements were taken and used to calculate their body mass index (BMI). Data obtained were analyzed using SPPS version 20.0.
Results: The result showed that 52% were females, 48% males and majority (80.3%) of the participants were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. About 83.8% were above 40 years old, 60% were overweight and 59.3% were observed not to adhere to dietary regime. The main reasons for non-adherence to diet were eating out (41.1%), financial constraints (24.1%), inappropriate dietary habit (14.5%) and poor self-control (10.3%).  About 84% of the participants agreed that diet and exercise could improve and maintain their glycemic control.
Conclusion: The rate of non-adherence to dietary recommendations was high among the study population. Diabetes education is needed to improve dietary habits to ensure good nutritional status and prevent complications.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, diet, adherence, body mass index




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