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Evaluation of the capacity of Pediatricians in Nigeria to conduct research: A nationwide survey

M.D. Ughasoro
J. Iliya
A.N. Okolo
M. Mukhtar-Yola
A. Omoigberale
B. Onankpa
N. Ibeziako
A. Ubesie
D. Nwaneri
C.C. Ezechukwu
S. Oguche


Background: Research is key to quality healthcare. Clinicians should possess adequate research capacity to generate evidence. This study aimed to evaluate the research capacity of pediatricians in Nigeria.
Methods: The study was a crosssectional using a questionnaire developed from the Research Capacity Assessment Framework. Information on previous research work, challenges encountered, and utilization of research outcome were obtained. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Qualitative variables were grouped under thematic headings.
Results: Paediatricians who had received grants for research were 21 (19.4%). Those whose research outcomes had informed policy and practice were 20 (18.2%). Less than 40% of the participants had received training on research capacity areas.
Conclusion: The research capacity among pediatricians was low partly due to underfunding and lack of research training programs. Improvement on government fund allocation for research and introduction of short research trainings programs will improve research capacity in Nigeria.

Key words: Clinical research; Pediatrician; Research Capacity; Policy-Practice Change

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eISSN: 0302-4660