Malaria and Typhoid as a Cause of Febrile Illness Amongst People Attending Redeemer’s Camp Centre in Mowe, Ogun State, Nigeria

  • JA Olaniyan
  • TA Banjo
  • WE Olooto
  • OA Ogundahunsi
  • AJ Amoo
  • BA Iwalokun

Abstract

MedMalaria parasites and salmonella species co-infection are mostly implicated amidst all other aeteological factors. Consequently, these life-threatening illnesses manifest slightly similar clinical symptoms, thus, the need to investigate febrile conditions among attendees of an  interdenominational religious retreat. Demographic data were obtained using structured questionnaire while blood was screened for malaria parasites and Salmonella typhiO and H antibodies. Out of the 445 patients that attended the clinic during their camping on account of fever, 219 (49.2%) were males and 226 (50.8%) were females. 169 (38%) was diagnosed of having malaria, 116 (26%) had typhoid and 57 (12%) had both malaria and typhoid. Malaria incidence was noted to be highest among children less than 10 years constituting about 12%, while typhoid was most seen in the age group of 41-50 years constituting 5.8%. Salmonella typhi and Plasmodium falciparum specie constituted significant etiological importance in malaria and typhoid patients. However, gender had no significant value effect on the result of malaria and widal test.

 

Keywords: Plasmodium, Salmonella, co-infection, fever, blood.

Published
2014-12-09
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1117-4145