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Nigerian Journal of Parasitology

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Intestinal parasites amongst primary school children attending Ta’al Model Primary School in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

J.D.C. Tongjura, J.R. Ombugadu, M.M. Abdullahi, M.A. Blessing, G.A. Amuga, H.B. Mafuyai

Abstract


Intestinal parasites are a major health challenge in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. The high prevalence of intestinal parasites has been attributed to poverty leading to poor hygiene, inadequate health services and contaminated food and water. A survey of intestinal parasitic infectation was conducted among 200 primary school children of Ta’al Modern Primary School, Bukan-Sidi in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Stool specimens were collected and examined using direct smear method and formol-ether concentration technique. The prevalence of intestinal parasite recorded was 95(47.5%) in the study-area. A total of six intestinal parasites species were identified: Entomoeba histolytica 15(15.8%), Giardia lamblia 14(14.7%) Ascairis lumbicoides 23(24.2%), Hookworm 28(29.5%), Trichuris trichiura 8 (8.4%) and Fasciola hepatica 7(7.4%). Amongst the six intestinal parasites, Hookworm recorded the highest prevalence 28(29.5%). Generally females 54(56.8%) were found to be more infected than males 41(43.1%). It was observed that prevalence of infection decreased with increase in age group of the pupils. The age-group 7-9 years recorded the highest 27(28.4%) prevalence and least 22(23.2%) in age group 13-15. The highest prevalence 23(24.2%) was found amongst primary one pupils and the least 8(8.4%) was in primary six. Statistical analysis using chi-square (x2) showed no significant difference (p>0.05) in the prevalence of infection between sex, age-group and class of pupils. Intestinal parasitic infection can be reduced through public health awareness campaign to improved personal hygiene and environmental sanitation including good water supply.

Keywords: Intestinal parasite; infection; primary school children; Nasarawa State




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