Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in Iyede-Ame Community and environ in Ndokwa East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
AbstractA cross sectional study on urinary schistosomiasis (S. haematobuim) was carried out in Ndokwa East Local Government Area (LGA) of Delta State. Urine samples were collected from the households and schools. Urine sedimentation technique was used to diagnose S. haematobuim infection. Of the 560 people (0-40+years) sampled in the households, 144 ( 25.7%) were infected with S. haematobium. Among the 200 school pupils (5-20 years) whose urine samples were screened, 70 (35.0%) were infected
with urinary schistosomiasis. Thus, a total of 214 (28.2%) subjects out of 760 people were infected. Iyede-Ame Community recorded the highest prevalence rate at 48.5%, followed by Lagos Iyede with prevalence rate of 37.1%. The least prevalence rate of 5.8% was recorded in Awhokarafor Community. Among the schools, Orewo Primary School had 58.0%, followed by Iyede-Ame Grammer School (42.0%). Otutughe Primary School recorded the least prevalence rate of 10.0%. The prevalence peaked in 5-9 years age group at 45.9%, followed by 10-14 years age-group with group with 41.6%. There was a significant difference in prevalence between the schools (÷2 cal = 27.0, ÷2 tab = 7.81, df = 3, p < 0.05). Age and not sex, played a significant role in disease distribution. Thus, significant difference in age (÷2 cal = 65.41, ÷2 tab = 12.59, df = 6, p < 0.05) but not with sex (÷2 cal = 3.67, ÷2 tab = 3.84, df = 1, p >0.05) were shown statistically. School children and farmers showed the greatest risk of infection. This study confirms the endemicity of urinary schistosomiasis in these communities in Ndokwa East LGA. It is advocated that early intervention measures such as health education campaigns and provision of essential amenities like water boreholes be instituted.