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Nigerian Journal of Physics

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Geological mapping using fractal technique

K M Lawal, M N Umego, S B Ojo

Abstract




In this work the use of fractal scaling exponents for geological mapping was first investigated using theoretical models, and results from the analysis showed that the scaling exponents mapped isolated bodies but did not properly resolve bodies close to each other. However application on real data (the Mamfe basin, the Gongola basin and the Younger granite province in Nigeria) showed good correlation with the geological maps of the areas. The results also indicated that basement rocks can generally be represented by scaling exponents with values ranging between -3.0 and -2.0.

Keywords: Fractal, dimension, susceptibility, spectra, scaling exponent

Nigerian Journal of Physics Vol. 18 (2) 2006: pp. 277-286



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njphy.v18i2.38115
AJOL African Journals Online