The Effects of Health Education on Knowledge and Attitudes to Emergency Contraception by Female Students of a Tertiary Educational Institution in Enugu, South East Nigeria

  • SU Arinze-Onyia
  • CN Onwasigwe
  • BSC Uzochukwu
  • EA Nwobi
  • AC Ndu
  • Ed Nwobodo

Abstract

This was an intervention study to assess the effects of health education on the knowledge and attitudes to emergency contraception (EC) by female students of University of Nigeria in southeast Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 337 female students of a tertiary educational institution (150 in the study group and 187 from the control group) who were selected by multistage sampling. Subsequently, health education was conducted only among students in the study institution. Three months after this intervention, its effects were assessed through a survey using the same structured questionnaire employed in the baseline survey. Unlike the pre-intervention results, knowledge of EC was significantly higher (P < 0.05) among the study group than the controls. Attitudes to EC were also more favourable at the post- intervention survey among the study group. Health education can effectively improve knowledge and attitudes to EC among female students of tertiary institutions and this should be encouraged.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Emergency contraception, Health education, Female students, Tertiary institutions

Nig. J. Physiol. Sci. 25(December 2010) 165 – 171

Author Biographies

SU Arinze-Onyia
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Parklane, Enugu
CN Onwasigwe
Department of Community Medicine,College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus
BSC Uzochukwu
Department of Community Medicine,College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus
EA Nwobi
Department of Community Medicine,College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus
AC Ndu
Department of Community Medicine,College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus
Ed Nwobodo
Department of Human Physiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Medical School Nnewi, Nigeria
Published
2013-01-18
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 0794-859X