Evaluation of toxic effects of metformin hydrochloride and glibenclamide on some organs of male rats
Summary: Metformin hydrochloride (MET) and glibenclamide (GB) are used in the management of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study was designed to investigate the toxic effect of MET and GB in the Liver, kidney and testis of rats. Twenty one rats were divided into three groups of seven rats each; group 1 served as control, groups 2 and 3 received GB and MET at doses of 5 and 30 mg/kg, respectively, for 21 days by oral gavage. Results indicate that MET and GB treatment did not affect body weight-gain in the rats. Also, there were no treatment-related changes in the absolute and relative weights of liver, kidney, and testis in MET and GB-treated rats relative to controls. However, significant increase (p<0.05) in testicular lipid peroxidation levels were accompanied by reduction in epididymal sperm count and motility in MET and GB-treated rats, whereas sperm live/dead ratio was unaffected. Specifically, MET and GB decreased sperm count and motility by 34%, 31% and 25%, 28%, respectively. Activities of hepatic and renal superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), serum alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and alanine aminotransferase were not significantly (p>0.05) affected in MET and GB-treated rats, whereas testicular SOD, CAT, glutathione, serum aspartate aminotransferase and conjugated bilirubin were markedly affected by MET treatment. Histopathological results showed marked necrosis, degeneration of seminiferous tubules and defoliation of spermatocytes in testis of MET-treated rats. Taken together, MET and GB induced lipid peroxidation, affected seminal qualities and decreased antioxidant status. These drugs may interfere with normal biochemical processes in testis and liver of the rats.
Keywords: Toxicity, Diabetes, Glibenclamide, Metformin.